Quora Answer: Since the Qur’an States Allah (s.w.t.) Sat on His Throne after Creation, Does Allah (s.w.t.) Have a Form?
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
The following is my answer to a Quora question: “The Qur’an States that after Creating the universe, Allah (s.w.t.) Sat on His Throne. Does this mean Allah (s.w.t.) has a form?”
The term used in the Qur’an is “istiwa’”, which has been translated as “Established”, by more credible translations. It is a metaphorical term, meaning that He has Established His Sovereignty over Creation, not that Allah (s.w.t.) sat on some magic chair in the heavens. This is despite Muhammad Naswir ad-Din al-Albani’s claim of Allah (s.w.t.) sitting on a chair in a specific place, al-makan al-’adami. This is one of the primary contentions that distinguishes Wahhabism as a heresy, distinct from Sunni Islam, which rejects this. The Qur’an is Explicit, in many verses, that an Absolute Divine, is Omnipotent, Omniscient and Omnipresent. Since Omnipresence is a requirement for Absoluteness, it precludes Allah (s.w.t.) being limited to any sort of form.
That position is theologically untenable in orthodox Islam. If Allah (s.w.t.) has a place, this makan al-’adami, that would imply that there is an up, a down, and sides, which negates the claim that Allah (s.w.t.) is Absolute. This implies that there is a place large enough to hold Allah (s.w.t), which negates His Omnipresence.