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The Scholars' Consensus on Making Up Missed Prayers

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بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

The following is the answer by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani: Making-Up Missed Prayers - A Point of Scholarly Consensus on whether making up missed prayers necessary.
The position of all four Sunni schools is that it is obligatory, fardh, to make up all missed prayers, regardless of why they were missed.  Prayer is the first thing we will be questioned about on the Day of Judgement, as the Prophet (s.a.w.) informed us in sound narrations.
Imam an-Nawawi (r.a.) stated in Majmu` Sharh al-Muhadzdzab, “There is consensus (ijma`) of the scholars whose opinion counts that whoever leaves a prayer intentionally must make it up.  Abu Muhammad ‘Ali ibn Hazm (r.a.) differed with them on this, saying that such an individual cannot ever make them up and it is not at all valid to make them up.  Rather, he said, one must do much good works and voluntary prayer in order that one s scales be heavy on the Day of Judgement and one must seek Allah’s Forgiveness and repent.  This…

Imam Abu al-Hasan 'Ali Zayn al-'Abidin (q.s.)

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بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
Imam Abu al-Hasan ‘Ali Zayn al-‘Abidin (q.s.) was born on a Thursday the 5th of Sha’ban, 38 AH in Madina al-Munawwarah according to Masalik as-Salikin.  He was one of the greatest of the ‘arifin of his era.  Imam Zuhri (r.a.) said, “I have not seen any Quraysh more excellent than Imam Zayn al-‘Abidin.”  ibn ‘Abbas (r.a.) used to look at Imam Zayn al-'Abidin (q.s.) and refer to him as the Beloved of the Beloved.
Husayn (r.a.) kept most of his children’s names attached to the name “‘Ali”.  This was due to his love for his father, ‘Ali (k.w.).  Imam Zayn al-‘Abidin (q.s.) was thus also named “‘Ali”.  He was also known as Abu Muhammad, Abu al-Hasan, Abu al-Qasim and Abu Bakr.  His titles included Sajjad, Zayn al-‘Abidin and Sayyid al-‘Abidin.
Imam Zayn al-‘Abidin (q.s.) spent two years with his grandfather, ‘Ali (k.w.), ten years with his uncle, Hasan (r.a.) and eleven years with his father, Husayn (r.a.).  His mother was Umm al-Wulad (r.a.).  He was…

The Role of the Shaykh

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بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
The following is from the teachings of Shaykh Muhammad Nazhim Adil al-Haqqani (q.s.).
Some are called believers because they believed in the unseen.  When the Prophet (s.a.w.) came, he said that he believed in Allah (s.w.t.), and so did Jesus (a.s.) and Moses (a.s.) when they came before him.  Belief, therefore, is in the unseen.  When it is seen, at that time, it is not belief but evidence.  At that time we accept something because we saw is not belief, there is no evidence of faith.

At length, when overwhelmed with the flood, he said, “I believe that there is no god except Him Whom the Children of Israel believe in: I am of those who submit (to Allah in Islam).”  (It was Said to him), “Ah now! - But a little while before, wast thou in rebellion! - And thou didst mischief (and violence)!” (Surah Yunus:90-91)
Whenever our shuyukh say something, we must not just accept with the tongue but with the heart as well.  The way to accept this not to use the m…

The Praiseworthiness of Visiting the Prophet's (s.a.w.) Grave

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بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
Imam al-Ghazali (r.a.) wrote in his Ihya’ ‘Ulum ad-Din after mentioning the hadits, “Do not travel except to three mosques,” “The gist of the matter is that some ‘ulama use it as evidence for prohibiting travel to places of religious visitation and pilgrimage.  It is clear that this is not the case.  On the contrary, visitation to graves is commanded by the hadits, ‘I have forbidden you in the past to visit graves, but now I tell you to visit them.’  The hadits only mentions the prohibition of frequent visitation to other than the three mosques because of the likeness of one mosque to another.  Furthermore, there is no city in which there is no mosque.  Hence, there is no need to travel to another mosque.  As for places of religious visitation, the blessing of visiting them varies to the measure of their rank with Allah.”
The following is an excerpt from the booklet by Shaykh ‘Isa ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Mani` al-Humayri, Director of the Da’irat al-Awqaf

Spiritual Benefits of Fasting

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بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
The following is adapted from a swuhbah by Shaykh Tosun Bayrak al-Jerrahi al-Halveti, Shaykh of the Jerrahi Halveti thariqa’.
Allah (s.w.t.) Says:

O ye who believe!  Fasting is Prescribed to you as it was Prescribed to those before you that ye may (learn) self-restraint. ― (Surah al-Baqarah:183)
The last phrase of the Lord’s Order to fast reveals the inner meaning of fasting.  A hadits related by ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (r.a.) clearly illustrates this meaning: “Whoever can, should marry, because marriage prevents one from forbidden acts and protects ones honour.  The one who cannot marry should learn to fast, for fasting is the best means to control one’s lust and desires of the flesh, and the temptations of one’s evil commanding ego.”
Our Prophet (s.a.w.) also said, “Every place has a door leading into it; the door into the true servanthood of Allah is fasting.”
Fasting opens the door which can enable us to: be real Muslims; to truly submit to our Lord, …

Monks by Night, Knights by Day

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بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

In the decisive battles against the Romans during the time of the Caliph ‘Umar (r.a.), the Muslim warriors, although always out-numbered by the enemy, proved mysteriously indomitable and strong-willed opponents.  The Roman commanders were baffled as to how the once barbaric and irregular desert army could display such vigour and chivalry against a battle-hardened regular Roman army.  The sent some informers to see how the Muslim soldiers spent their time in the leisure periods, especially at night.  This is what they were informed.
One informer said, “They are knights by day and monks by night.  They pay for what they eat in territories under their occupation.  They are the first to salute when they arrive at a place and are valiant fighters who just wipe out the enemy.”
Another testified, “During the night it seems that they do not belong to this world and have no other business than to pray, and during the day, when one sees them mounted on their h…

Knowing Laylat al-Qadr

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بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
Laylat al-Qadr or the Night of Power is a special time in the month of Ramadhan.  In truth, it is not just a ‘night’.  It is a state, a hal.  Its secrets are many.  And not all are meant to be opened.  For the one who is Blessed, every night of Ramadhan could be Laylat al-Qadr.  Allah (s.w.t.) is not limited.  No matter the case, there will still be that one night, when the Divine Presence seems overwhelming.  According to my shaykh, there is at least one for the mu’minun and one for the awliya’.  The Night of Power is the most virtuous night of the year.

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful We have indeed Revealed this (Message) in the Night of Power: And what will explain to thee what the Night of Power is?  The Night of Power is better than a thousand months.  Therein come down the angels and the Spirit by Allah’s Permission, on every errand:  Peace!  This until the rise of morn! (Surah al-Qadr:1-5)
Any action therein, for example, re…