Wednesday, 31 December 2014

The Legality of Celebrating the Birth of the Prophet (s.a.w.) I

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

The following is extracted from “The Legality of Celebrating the Birth of the Prophet (s.a.w.)” from Shaykh ‘Ali Juma’ah.

Celebrating the mawlid of the Prophet (s.a.w.) is to happily receive the Prophet (s.a.w.) and to do this is a conclusive matter within the shari’ah, for the Prophet (s.a.w.) is the original principle, aswl uswul, and the first support of the religion.  Allah (s.w.t.) Knows of the value of His Prophet (s.a.w.) and so introduces his presence completely by his name, his mission, his rank, and his place.  Therefore, the whole of Creation are in continual happiness and manifestly joyous at the Light of Allah (s.w.t.), His Relief, Blessing and Proof for the all of the worlds.

Our righteous predecessors from the fourth and fifth century onwards adopted the practise of celebrating the mawlid of the Greatest Messenger (s.a.w.) by giving life to the night of the mawlid through varied forms of worship such as feeding others, recitation of the Qur’an, devotions, recitation of poetry and praise of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.).  This has been recorded by many of the historians such as the ahadits masters, Imam ibn al-Jawzi (r.a.), Hafizh ibn Katsir (r.a.), Hafizh ibn Dihya al-Andalusi (r.a.), Imam ibn Hajr (r.a.), and the seal of ahadits masters, Imam Jalal ad-Din as-Suyuthi (q.s.).

A great number of scholars and jurists have authored works on the desirability of celebrating the noble Prophetic mawlid and have clarified the desirability of this with authentic proofs.  In that, it leaves no room for anyone with an intellect, understanding, and a sound mind any objection to that which our righteous predecessors were upon in celebrating the noble mawlid.  Imam ibn al-Hajj (r.a.) went to lengths in al-Madkhal in mentioning the uniqueness which is connected to this celebration and has mentioned many beneficial points; matters which will expand the breast of a believer with knowledge.  This is despite the fact that Imam ibn al-Haji (r.a.) wrote al-Madkhal with the intention of curbing innovations which have no basis of proof within the shari’ah.

The leader of ahadits masters, Imam Jalal ad-Din as-Suyuthi (q.s.) mentioned in his Husn al-Maqswad fi ‘Amal al-Mawlid, after a question was raised to him as to whether observing the Mawlid in the month Rabi’ al-Awwal is praiseworthy or not, whether it is a Rewardable action and its ruling in the shari’ah.  He stated, “The answer that I have is that observing the mawlid is an action within which people gather together for the recitation of the Qur’an, to narrate transmitted reports regarding the beginning of the affair of the Prophet (s.a.w.) and the wonderful signs which occurred during the birth, and then after this to feed others, after which people leave.  This action, without any increase above this, is a good innovation which will bring a Reward for the one who does it because of the veneration of the rank of the Prophet (s.a.w.), the manifestation of happiness, and the joy which the noble birth encompasses.”

Imam as-Suyuthi (q.s.) refuted those who said, “We do not know of any proof for this Mawlid in the Book or the sunnah,” through his statement: “Denial of knowledge does not mean a denial of any clear proof.”

The imam of the ahadits masters, Imam Abu al-Fadhl ibn Hajr (r.a.) derived a proof of this from the sunnah and there is another proof derived by Imam as-Suyuthi (q.s.) clarifying that a blameworthy innovation is that which has no proof in the shari’ah towards its approval.  However, if approval is found, then it cannot be blameworthy.

The blessed mawlid of the Prophet (s.a.w.) is the event of the Ascension of Divine Mercy within the entire human history.  The noble Qur’an Expressed the presence of the Prophet (s.a.w.) as, ‘The Mercy to Creation’.  This Mercy was never limited; for it encompasses the nurturing of mankind; their purification, knowledge and Guidance upon the Straight Path.  It also encompasses their ascension in the world and spiritually.  This Mercy was not limited to the people of that time but it reaches its help throughout history completely.


As well as (to confer all these benefits upon) others of them, who have not already joined them: and He is Exalted in Might, Wise. (Surah al-Jumu’ah:3)

Celebrating through the remembrance of the Master of Creation, the Seal of the Prophets and Messengers, the Prophet of Mercy, Sayyidina Muhammad (s.a.w.), is from the best of actions and the greatest means of proximity, for it is the expression of joy and love for the Prophet (s.a.w.) and love of the Prophet (s.a.w.) is a foundation from the foundations of faith.  It has been authentically reported from the Prophet (s.a.w.) who said, “By the One Who Holds my soul in His Hand, none of you believe until I am more beloved to him than his child, parent and the whole of mankind.”  This is recorded in Swahih al-Bukhari.

Imam ibn Rajab (r.a.) stated, “Love of the Prophet (s.a.w.) is from the foundations of faith and is the indication of the love of Allah.  Allah has Joined this love with Him and has Threatened those who prefer anything above this love; whether it is a natural love for relatives, wealth, homelands and the like.”

The Exalted has Said:


Say: If it be that your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your mates, or your kindred; the wealth that ye have gained; the commerce in which ye fear a decline; or the dwellings in which ye delight ― are dearer to you than Allah or His Messenger or the striving in His Cause; then wait until Allah Brings about His Decision: and Allah Guides not the rebellious. (Surah at-Tawbah:24)

‘Umar (r.a.) said to the Prophet (s.a.w.), “You are more beloved to me than everything besides myself.”

The Prophet (s.a.w.) replied, “No, O ‘Umar, until I am more beloved to you than even yourself.”

‘Umar (r.a.) then said, “I swear by Allah, you are more beloved to me now than even myself.”

The Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “Now you have it, O ‘Umar.”

This was recorded in Swahih al-Bukhari.


Sunday, 28 December 2014

Terrorism & the Wahhabi Sect

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

Below is a far from complete list, highlighting only the more significant terrorist attacks.  We are only looking at events since 2000 to make a point, and we are only considering attacks that target civilians and are blatantly against shari’ah.

Date
Event
Perpetrator
Casualties
24th December 2000
Christmas Eve bombings
Al-Qaeda & Jemaah Islamiyah
18 dead, hundreds injured
11th September 2001
9/11 attack
Al-Qaeda
2,996 dead, 6,000+ injured
13th December 2001
Indian Parliament attack
Jaish-e-Mohammad & Lashkar-e-Taiba
7 dead, 12 injured
12th October 2002
Bali bombing
Jemaah Islamiyah
202 dead, 240 injured
05th August 2003
JW Marriott Hotel bombing, Jakarta
Jemaah Islamiyah
12 dead, 150 injured
11th March 2004
Madrid train bombings
Al-Qaeda
191 dead, 1,800 injured
01st September 2004
Beslan hostage crisis
Riyad-us Saliheen Brigade
385+ dead (186 children), 783 injured
09th September 2004
Australian Embassy bombing, Jakarta
Jemaah Islamiyah
9 dead, 150+ injured
05th July 2005
Ram Temple attack, Ayodhya
Lashkar-e-Taiba
6 dead, dozens injured
07th July 2005
London bombings
Al-Qaeda affiliates
52 dead, 700 injured
23rd July 2005
Attack on Sharm el-Sheikh
Abdullah Azzam Brigade
88 dead, 150+ injured
01st October 2005
Bali bombing II
Jemaah Islamiyah
20 dead, 100+ injured
29th October 2005
New Delhi bombing
Lashkar-e-Taiba
62 dead, 210 injured
09th November 2005
Amman bombings
Al-Qaeda affiliates
60 dead, 115 injured
11th July 2006
Mumbai train bombings
Lashkar-e-Qahhar
209 dead, 714+ injured
14th August 2007
Qahtaniya bombing
Al-Qaeda in Iraq
796 dead, 1,562 injured
26th July 2008
Ahmedabad bombings
Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami
56 dead, 200+ injured
13th September 2008
Series of bombings in New Delhi
Indian Mujahideen
30 dead, 130 injured
26th November 2008
Mumbai attacks
Lashkar-e-Taiba
166+ dead, 600+ injured
17th July 2009
JW Marriott & Ritz-Carlton Hotels bombing
Jemaah Islamiyah
2 dead, 53+ injured
18th July 2009
Beledweyne bombing, Somalia
Al-Shabaab
38 dead, dozens injured
29th March 2010
Moscow Metro bombings
Caucasus Emirate
40 dead, 102+ injured
28th May 2010
Attacks on Ahmadi Mosques, Lahore
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
86 dead, 12+ injured
07th December 2010
Varanasi bombing
Indian Mujahideen
2 dead, 37 injured
21st January 2011
Domodedovo International Airport bombing
Caucasus Emirate & Riyad-us Saliheen Brigade
37 dead, 173 injured
25th December 2011
Nigerian church bombings
Boko Haram
41+ dead, 57+ injured
05th January 2012
Baghdad & Nasiriyah bombings
Islamic State of Iraq
73 dead, 149 injured
23rd February 2012
Anti-Shi’ah campaign
Islamic State of Iraq
83 dead, 250+ injured
21st February 2013
Hyderabad blasts
Indian Mujahideen
17 dead, 119 injured
15th April 2013
Boston Marathon bombings
Al-Qaeda affiliates
3 dead, 264 injured
21st September 2013
Westgate shopping mall attack, Nairobi
Al-Shabaab
67 dead, 175 injured
22nd September 2013
Peshawar church attack
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
80-83 killed, 250 injured
29th September 2013
Gujba college massacre, Nigeria
Boko Haram
44 dead
14th February 2013
Borno Massacre, Nigeria
Boko Haram
121 dead
20th May 2014
Jos bombings, Nigeria
Boko Haram
118+ dead, 56+ injured
August 2014
Shu’aytat tribe, Deir ez-Zor Governorate massacre
Islamic State of Iraq
700+ dead
28th November 2014
Kano bombing
Boko Haram
120+ dead, 260 injured
15th December 2014
Sydney hostage crisis
Islamic State affiliate
2 dead, 4 injured
16th December 2014
Peshawar school attack
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
145 dead (132 children), 114 injured
18th December 2014
Gumsuri kidnappings
Boko Haram
32 killed (185 women & children kidnapped)
18th December 2014
Mass Grave discovered in Easter Syria
Islamic State of Iraq
230 killed
22nd December 2014
Gombe bus station bombing, Nigeria
Boko Haram
20+ killed, dozens injured
22nd December 2014
Al-Anbar massacre of women
Islamic State of Iraq
150 killed, some pregnant

This is not a comprehensive list.  These are some of the same organisations and their affiliates linked or involved in these sorts of attacks over the years: the Pakistani Taliban, Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan; Al-Qaeda as the Americans spell it and their regional groups; ISIS in their various incarnations; Laskar e-Taiba, Laskar Jihad, and their various splinter groups; Jemaah Islamiyah as they spell it, Ansar al-Sharia and all their many splinter groups.  The majority of these attacks target women, children, and civilians.  And this does not take into account the human cost and the scale of this tragedy.

They all have one thing in common.  If we go through the list and look at the ideology of these groups and people behind them, they all belong to the Wahhabi sect.  It is about time that somebody said it.  Every single one of these people subscribe, in some form or manner, to the ideology of Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab.  Many of these groups are funded from or through Saudi affiliates.  It is about time that Muslims got together and actually addressed this heresy for what it is - something that is a cancer to the ummah.  These people are radicalised by the same sort of hate, denigration and exceptionalism that eventually leads to the more radical elements amongst them justifying violence.

Where does it begin?  It begins when we have casual reference from ‘moderate’ Wahhabi preachers such as Nouman Ali Khan and Ismail Menk that Muslims who adhere to certain practices are polytheists.  That means, we are not ‘real’ Muslims anymore.  This is takfir on a massive scale.  And then it moves on to more firebrand preachers amongst them who make a career out of denouncing these practices as kufr, and its adherents as non-Muslims.  These include people like Bilal Philips and Wajdi al-Akkari.  They also make a career out of ‘correcting’ the Christians and the Jews, people like Zakir Naik and Yusha Evans, even though their knowledge of the subject is greatly lacking.

And then they take it further, preaching that they must correct the ummah by censoring ‘incorrect’ teachings, closing down mosques that have tombs, removing graves from certain areas, banning women from the mosque, and forcing their narrow interpretation of the religion upon us.  The majority keep silent when they slander our scholars past and present, when they mischaracterise our practices as kufr, when they attack our non-Muslim neighbours, when they insist on following ‘only Qur’an and ahadits’ despite their ignorance of it and abandon the ways of the pious predecessors.

And when they are given authority because the majority are silent or afraid, they have closed down our institutions or subverted them, abandoned our practices in the name of a ‘purer’ Islam, cut at the root of the religion while we were silent.  And when they are given opportunities to wage armed struggle, they have systematically killed our scholars and leaders, murdered families and tribes, destroyed mosques and tombs, burned our books.  And what do the Muslims say?  The naive, the foolish, the ignorant and the cowardly say: “They are still our Muslim brothers and they have said the shahadah.”

There are many ahadits about them, but this is the one that resonates the most.  The Prophet (s.a.w.) stated, “My ummah is destined to differ and be divided.  So a group will rise whose talks will sound very good but their character will be misleading.  They will read the Qur’an but it will not descend below their throats.  They will leave Diyn just as an arrow pierces and goes right through the prey.  They will not return to Islam.  They are the worst of Creation because of their nature and constitution.  They will call the people towards the Qur’an and Diyn whilst in reality, they will have nothing to do with Islam.  Whoever will confront them, he will be the most Beloved servant of Allah.”

Look at these kafirun and know their fruits of injustice, blood and fire.  It is our jihad to confront these heretics, to censure their teachings, to refute their ideology, to condemn their enablers and to fight them spiritually, theologically and politically, first and foremost.  We must fight them until they say, ’Laa ilaha illa Allah’ or until they are defeated.  This is our jihad in these times.

In J. B. Priestley’s, ‘An Inspector Calls’, we find this pertinent quote about social justice and the connectedness of humanity.  The main protagonist, Inspector Goole said this in closing: “One Eva Smith has gone - but there are millions and millions and millions of Eva Smiths and John Smiths still left with us, with their lives, their hopes and fears, their suffering and chance of happiness, all intertwined with our lives, and what we think and say and do.  We don’t live alone.  We are members of one body.  We are responsible for each other.  And I tell you that the time will soon come when, if men will not learn that lesson, then they will be taught it in fire and blood and anguish.  Good night.”