Allah's (s.w.t.) Wisdom


بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

Imam Abu Manswur Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Maturidi (r.a.) said that the Creator of the universe is described with wisdom, hikmah, whether that wisdom takes the meaning of knowledge, ‘ilm; or the meaning of perfection or mastery, ihkam.  Imam al-Maturidi (r.a.) said that Allah (s.w.t.), is described with wisdom, and that wisdom is a description of Allah’s (s.w.t.) Entity.  This refers either to the knowledge of the precise, or perfected actions, or it refers back to the Pre-Eternal Attribute of Takwin, Creation, that Imam al-Maturidi (r.a.) affirmed.  This means that mastery and precision are from the implications of Takwin.

Imam Abu al-Hasan ‘Ali ibn Isma’il al-Ash’ari (r.a.) said that if wisdom takes the meaning of knowledge, then it is an Eternal Attribute that Subsists with Allah’s (s.w.t.) Entity, and if it takes the meaning of perfection or mastery, then it is a contingent quality akin to Takwin, and the Entity of the Creator is not described with it.



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