The Pure Lineage of the Prophet (s.a.w.)

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

Shaykh Osman Nuri Topbas wrote, in “The Prophet Muhammad Musthafa the Elect (s.a.w.)”, on the pure lineage of the Prophet (s.a.w.).

The Prophet’s (s.a.w.) father is Sayyidina ‘Abdullah and his mother is Sayyidatina Aminah (r.a.), a blessed lineage stemming from Ibrahim (a.s.) and Isma’il (a.s.) through Adnan, the most honourable member of the Kayzar family.

Adnan’s son, Ma’ad, is said to be a contemporary of ‘Isa (a.s.).  Both maternally and paternally, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) belonged to the purest family of Quraysh, a purity of lineage confirmed by the Prophet (s.a.w.) himself in the following hadits: “I was born from my mother and father without being marred by any of the evils of the Period of Ignorance.  From Adam to my mother and father, every preceding member of lineage was conceived by none other than religiously legal marriage, never from fornication.”  This is found in Hafizh Abu al-Fida’ ‘Imad ad-Din Isma’il ibn ‘Umar ibn Katsir’s (r.a.) al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah.

Another name of the Prophet (s.a.w.) is “Musthafa”, meaning one who is delicately chosen.  Whenever there was a split of lineage, the forefathers of the Blessed Prophet (s.a.w.) always succeeded from among the better of the two.  Since Adam (a.s.) and Hawa, therefore, the Prophetic Light passed on through the purest of mothers and fathers, from one generation to another.

It is thought to be referenced in the Qur’an:

سُوۡرَةُ الشُّعَرَاء
وَتَوَكَّلۡ عَلَى ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ (٢١٧) ٱلَّذِى يَرَٮٰكَ حِينَ تَقُومُ (٢١٨) وَتَقَلُّبَكَ فِى ٱلسَّـٰجِدِينَ (٢١٩)

And put thy trust on the Exalted in Might, the Merciful ― Who Seeth thee standing forth (in prayer), and thy movements among those who prostrate themselves. (Surah ash-Shu’ara:211-219)

This ayat was understood by a number of commentators, including Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (r.a.), as a reference to the descent of the Blessed Prophet (s.a.w.)  through his ancestors, all of whom were men of utmost piety; that is until reaching him, the light of the Prophet (s.a.w.)  was transmitted only through those who fell prostrate to Allah (s.w.t.).  This was mentioned by Imam Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Qurthubi (r.a.), and Imam Nur ad-Din ‘Ali ibn Abi Bakr al-Haytsami (r.a.).

As recorded by Imam Abu al-Husayn ‘Asakir ad-Din Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj (r.a.), and Imam Abu ‘Isa Muhammad ibn ‘Isa at-Tirmidzi (r.a.), the Prophet (s.a.w.)  confirmed his pure lineage through the following: “Allah (s.w.t.) Chose Isma’il from among the sons of Ibrahim, Banu Kinanah from among the descendants of Isma’il, Quraysh from among the sons of Kinanah, the sons of Hashim from among Quraysh, and the sons of ‘Abd al-Muththalib from among Hashim; and me from among the sons of ‘Abd al-Muththalib.”

Regarding the well-known purity of genealogy of the Blessed Prophet (s.a.w.) and his eminent forefathers, the great scholar, Imam Abu Zayd ‘Abd ar-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn Khaldun (r.a.) said, “No other person than Prophet Muhammed (s.a.w.) has a well recorded lineage that is moreover blessed with uninterrupted purity and nobility since Adam (a.s.).  This is a special gift to His Beloved by the Almighty.”


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