Imam an-Nawawi (r.a.) about Debating the Qur'an

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

Imam an-Nawawi (r.a.) said, “It is unlawful to argue and debate about the Qur'an without justification, as in the case of a person to whom it becomes apparent that there is a preponderating likelihood that a verse runs contrary to his opinion and carries a weak possibility of concurring, but still he applies it to his opinion.  In fact, he persists debating it even though it is apparent to him that it runs contrary to his view.  But if this not apparent to him, then he is excused.

It is rigorously authenticated that the Messenger (s.a.w.) said, ‘Arguing about the Qur’an is disbelief.’

al-Khaththabi said, ‘What is meant by ‘arguing’ here is ‘doubt.’  Other opinions state that it is ‘debating’ in itself; that is questionable or the ‘debate’ of capricious people concerning the verses that speak of destiny and the like.’”


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