Wednesday, 14 December 2016
Imam Malik (r.a.) on Whether to Face the Qiblah or the Prophet (s.a.w.) in Madina
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
In the incident involving Imam Malik (r.a.), once, the Umayyad caliph, Abu Ja’far Manswur visited Madina and he asked Imam Malik (r.a.), “While supplicating, should I turn my face to the qiblah, or should I turn my face to the Prophet (s.a.w.),” since they were in opposite directions.
Imam Malik (r.a.) replied, “Why do you turn your face away from the Prophet (s.a.w.), when he is the source of mediation for you and for your ancestor, Adam (a.s.), on the Day of Judgement? Rather you should turn towards the Prophet (s.a.w.) and seek his intercession so that he intercedes for you before Allah on the Day of Judgement. Allah has Declared:
We Sent not a Messenger but to be obeyed, in accordance with the Will of Allah. If they had only, when they were unjust to themselves, come unto thee and asked Allah’s Forgiveness and the Messenger had asked Forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah indeed Oft-Returning, Most Merciful. (Surah an-Nisa’:64)”
Qadhi ‘Iyadh (r.a.) narrated this, in his ash-Shifa’, with a sound chain of transmission. It has also been related by Imam as-Subki (r.a.), in Shifa’ as-Siqam fi Ziyarat Khayr al-Anam; Imam as-Samhudi (r.a.), in Khulaswat al-Wafa’; Imam al-Qasthalani (r.a.), in al-Mawahib al-Laduniyyah; Imam ibn Jama‘ah (r.a.), in Hidayat as-Salik; and Imam ibn Hajr al-Haytsami (r.a.), in al-Jawhar al-Munazhzham.
In his manaqib of awliya’, Swifat as-Swafwah, Imam ibn al-Jawzi (r.a.) wrote about Shaykh Ibrahim ibn Ishaq al-Harabi (q.s.): “And his grave is open to everyone. People receive Blessing from it.” He has also described Adam’s (a.s.) intermediation through the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) in the first chapter of his al-Wafa bi Ahwal al-Muswthafa.