Monday, 28 November 2016
Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (r.a.) & the Hanbalis on Cursing Yazid ibn Mu'awiyah
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
Imam Abu al-Faraj ibn al-Jawzi (r.a.) narrated from Qadhi Abi Ya’la ibn al-Farra’ (r.a.) in his al-Mu’tamad fi al-Uswul, with a chain of narration extending to Imam Swalih ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal (r.a.) that the latter said, “I related to my father that a certain group of people associate us with Yazid and claim that we love him.
He responded, ‘O my son, how can that be when it is impossible for anyone who truly believes in God to love Yazid.’
So I asked him why he does not curse him, to which he replied, ‘O my son, when did you see me cursing anything or anyone? However, why should one not curse the one who was Cursed by God Almighty in His Book.’
I asked my father where Yazid is Cursed in God’s Book.
He responded, ‘In the verse:
Then, is it to be expected of you, if ye were Put in authority, that ye will do mischief in the land, and break your ties of kith and kin? Such are the men whom Allah has Cursed, for He has Made them deaf and blinded their sight. (Surah Muhammad:22-23)
And is there any form of corruption and evil greater than murder?’”
And in another narration, when Imam Swalih (r.a.) asked him this question, he responded, “O my son, what shall I say about an individual whom God has cursed in His Book,” and he mentioned the same verse.
Imam Abu al-Faraj ibn al-Jawzi (r.a.) wrote in his aforementioned book about cursing Yazid, just as Qadhi Abi Ya’la (r.a.) did in a book. They mentioned the various individuals who deserved to be cursed, among whom, was included Yazid. They wrote that the one who has hesitations about cursing Yazid is one of three types of people: one who is unaware of the permissibility of doing so; an outright hypocrite; or an ignorant individual basing himself upon the hadits of the Prophet (s.a.w.) that proclaims that ‘a believer is not one who curses.’”
Regarding the last category, Qadhi Abi Ya’la (r.a.) stated, “This hadits is in reference to cursing the one who is not deserving of being cursed.” And he mentioned the Qur’anic verse:
Then, is it to be expected of you, if ye were Put in authority, that ye will do mischief in the land, and break your ties of kith and kin? (Surah Muhammad:22)