Wednesday, 16 April 2014
Describing the "Hu"
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
The following is from the teachings of Shaykh Muhammad Nazhim Adil al-Haqqani (q.s.).
at-Tajalliyat, Manifestations, are of four types: Divine Essence, Divine Attributes, Divine Names, and Divine Acts. The Name of the Pure Essence, Dzat is Hu, ‘He’, while Allah (s.w.t.) is the comprehensive, jami’, Name for all the Names and Attributes. Every Created being is a manifestation for a Name or under the tutelage of one of the Divine Names, which that being reveals. Hence there is no Created being nor glimpse of a second in time that equals another. From the Dzat appear the Attributes and Names, while the worlds appear from the Acts. As for Hu, He never appears for He is asw-Swamad, the Self-Sufficient, Impregnable, Eternally Besought of all, Everlasting and Sovereign, Who has no interior nor is circumscribed in a place or direction, and everything in Creation subsists through this quality of His Swamadiyyah. Therefore, it is impossible for even an atom to exist outside of this quality of His. If it were attributed to other than Him, it would be shirk.
Shaykh Nazhim (q.s.) said that the ocean of the Attributes points to the Essence without being the Essence. Allah (s.w.t.) Said in Surah al-Ikhlasw:
In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Say: He is Allah the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him. (Surah al-Ikhlasw:1-4)
Allah (s.w.t.) Said He is Allah, the One. Then He Said, there is none comparable unto Him, kufuwan ahadun, in the nominative but He did not say, “And He does not have a single comparative,” kufuwan ahadan, the accusative. The second ‘Ahad’ points to the Attributes and to the fact that they are insufficient to completely describe Him. So, if the Attributes are insufficient, and they are Pre-Eternal and Everlasting, then what about Created beings?