Tuesday, 5 June 2012
The Story of Umm Salamah (r.a.)
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
Hind bint Abi (r.a.) was also known as Hind bint Suhayl (r.a.). In the sirah, she is best known as Umm Salamah (r.a.). She was married to ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abd al-Asad (r.a.), who was called Abu Salamah (r.a.). She was of Banu Makhzum, the daughter Abu 'Umayyah ibn al-Mughirah, nicknamed Zad ar-Raqib, because of his generosity to travelers. Her mother was ‘Atikah bint ‘Amir.
Umm Salamah’s (r.a.) story as she tells it: “When Abu Salamah [her husband] decided to leave for Madina, he prepared a camel for me, hoisted me on it and placed our son Salamah on my lap. My husband then took the lead and went on without stopping or waiting for anything. Before we were out of Makkah, some men from my clan stopped us and said to my husband, ‘Though you are free to do what you like with yourself, you have no power over your wife. She is our daughter. Do you expect us to allow you to take her away from us?’
They then pounced on him and snatched me away from him. My husband’s clan, Banu Asad, saw them taking both me and my child. They became hot with rage. ‘No! By Allah,’ they shouted, ‘we shall not abandon the boy. He is our son and we have a first claim over him.’ They took him by the hand and pulled him away from me. Suddenly, in the space of a few moments, I found myself alone and lonely. My husband headed for Madina by himself, and his clan had snatched my son away from me. My own clan, Banu Makhzum, overpowered me and forced me to stay with them.
From the day when my husband and my son were separated from me, I went out at noon every day to that valley and sat at the spot where this tragedy occurred. I would recall those terrible moments and weep until night fell on me. I continued like this for a year or so until one day a man from the Banu Umayyah passed by and saw my condition. He went back to my clan and said, ‘Why don’t you free this poor woman? You have caused her husband and her son to be taken away from her.’
He went on trying to soften their hearts and play on their emotions. At last they said to me, ‘Go and join your husband if you wish.’ But how could I join my husband in Madina and leave my son, a piece of my own flesh and blood, in Makkah among the Banu -Asad? How could I be free from anguish and my eyes be free from tears were I to reach the place of hijrah not knowing anything of my little son left behind in Makkah?
Some realized what I was going through and their hearts went out to me. They petitioned the Banu Asad on my behalf and moved them to return my son. I did not now even want to linger in Makkah until I found someone to travel with me, and I was afraid that something might happen that would delay or prevent me from reaching my husband. So I promptly got my camel ready, placed my son on my lap and left in the direction of Madina.
I had just about reached Tan’im [about three miles from Makkah] when I met ‘Utsman ibn Thalhah. [He was a keeper of the Ka’bah in pre-Islamic times and was not yet a Muslim.]. “Where are you going, bint Zad ar-Raqib?” he asked.
‘I am going to my husband in Madina.’
‘And there isn’t anyone with you?’
‘No, by Allah. Except Allah and my little boy here.’
‘By Allah, I shall never abandon you until you reach Madina,’ he vowed. He then took the reins of my camel and led us on. I have, by Allah, never met an Arab more generous and noble than he. When we reached a resting place, he would make my camel kneel down, wait until I dismounted, lead the camel to a tree and tether it. He would then go to the shade of another tree. When we had rested he would get the camel ready and lead us on. This he did every day until we reached Madina. When we got to a village near Quba [about two miles from Madina] belonging to Banu ‘Amr ibn Awf, he said, ‘Your husband is in this village. Enter it with the blessings of God.’ He turned back and headed for Makkah.”
Their roads finally met after the long separation. Umm Salamah (r.a.) was overjoyed to see her husband and he was delighted to see his wife and son. Great and momentous events followed one after the other. There was the battle of Badr, in which Abu Salamah (r.a.) fought. The Muslims returned victorious and strengthened. Then there was the battle of Uhud, in which the Muslims were sorely tested. Abu Salamah (r.a.) came out of this wounded very badly. He appeared at first to respond well to treatment, but his wounds never healed completely and he remained bedridden.
Once while Umm Salamah (r.a.) was nursing him, he said to her, “I heard the Messenger of God saying, ‘Whenever a calamity afflicts anyone he should say, ‘Surely from Allah we are and to Him we shall certainly return,’ [inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raji’un]. And he would pray, ‘O Lord, give me in Return something good from it which only You, Exalted and Mighty, can Give.’”
Abu Salamah (r.a.) remained sick in bed for several days. One morning the Prophet (s.a.w.) came to see him. The visit was longer than usual. While the Prophet (s.a.w.) was still at his bed-side, Abu Salamah (r.a.) passed away. With his blessed hands, the Prophet (s.a.w.) closed the eyes of his dead companion. He then raised these hands to the heavens and prayed, “O Lord, Grant Forgiveness to Abu Salamah. Elevate him among those who are near to You. Take Charge of his family at all times. Forgive us and him, O Lord of the Worlds. Widen his grave and make it light for him.”
Umm Salamah (r.a.) remembered the prayer her husband had quoted on his deathbed from the Prophet and began repeating it, “O Lord, with You I leave this my plight for consideration...” But she could not bring herself to continue, “O Lord, Give me something good from it”, because she kept asking herself, “Who could be better than Abu Salamah?” But it did not take long before she completed the supplication.
The Muslims were greatly saddened by the plight of Umm Salamah (r.a.). She became known as ‘‘Ayyin al-Arab’ - ‘the one who had lost her husband.’ She had no one in Madina of her own except her small children, like a hen without feathers. Both the Muhajirun and Answar felt they had a duty to Umm Salamah (r.a.). When she had completed the ‘iddah [three months and ten days], Abu Bakr (r.a.) proposed marriage to her, but she refused. Then ‘Umar (r.a.) asked to marry her, but she also declined the proposal. The Prophet (s.a.w.) then approached her and she replied, “O Messenger of Allah, I have three characteristics. I am a woman who is extremely jealous and I am afraid that you will see in me something that will anger you and Cause Allah to Punish me. I am a woman who is already advanced in age and I am a woman who has a young family.”
The Prophet (s.a.w.) replied, “Regarding the jealousy you mentioned, I pray to Allah the Almighty to Let it go away from you. Regarding the question of age you have mentioned, I am afflicted with the same problem as you. Regarding the dependent family you have mentioned, your family is my family.”
They were married and so it was that Allah (s.w.t.) Answered the prayer of Umm Salamah (r.a.) and Gave her better than Abu Salamah (r.a.). From that day on Hind al-Makhzumiyah (r.a.) was no longer the mother of Salamah (r.a.) alone but became the mother of all believers, Umm al-Mu’minin.