Sunday, 6 May 2012
The Adab of Adzkar
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
The following is the adab of adzkar as taught to us by Shaykh Zakaria Bagharib (q.s.) and Shaykh Ahmad ‘Arif. These are brief outlines only. They are applicable to any congregational dzikr and any thariqa’.
1. Etiquette before the Dzikr
a) Make sure your food consumption is halal. The impurities in your food affect the state of the ruh.
b) Be in a state of wudhu.
c) Put a good smell on ones clothes and the place of dzikr. However, the perfume should not be too strong and overwhelming.
d) Sit in a room with no or less unnatural lighting.
e) Sit in a clean place as done in swalah; this is a must.
f) Make sure of total silence in surroundings and clear the mind.
g) Put your hands on your thighs facing the qiblah.
h) Fans and air-conditioning units must be switched off.
2. Etiquette during the Dzikr
a) Sincere repentance to Allah (s.w.t.)
b) Close the eyes; stop registering other pictures and give an opportunity for the heart to register.
c) Imagine that your shaykh is in front watching you whilst you are doing the dzikr, taswswawur as-shaykh.
d) Start the dzikr and abide by the adab and believe that insha’Allah, anwar and asrar will come.
e) Realise that the anwar and asrar that Allah (s.w.t.) Gives one, is through one's shaykh, through Rasulullah (s.a.w.) to the Divine Presence of Allah (s.w.t.)
f) Maintain Sincerity and concentration during the dzikr; what is said on the tongue must come from the heart. Make an effort to understand what is recited and learn the depths of it.
g) Empty your heart of everything but Allah (s.w.t.), obtaining the effects of the wird. Do not imagine things and induce hal. Such a hal is from the nafs.
h) Purify the heart of everything, any hatred or problems, all little things that will stand as a barrier. A soul not at rest cannot reach the Divine Presence.
i) Follow the shaykh closely - do not recite faster than he does and do not recite too slowly. If he is soft, recite softly. If he is loud, recite louder.
j) The circle of the dzikr or the swaff must be closed. Unless ordered so by the shaykh, there should not be spaces in between. It is like the swalah in that sense.
3. Etiquette after the Dzikr
a) Remain in total silence mentally and physically for several minutes after your dzikr.
b) Await results, one may experience different feelings. It takes time to compose oneself.
c) Remain within ones boundaries, continue persistence. Do not move unnecessarily. Do not speak unnecessarily. Do not look around.
d) Wird without adab is ineffective.