Friday, 13 August 2010
The Sirr of the Divine Name, 'Allah'
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
The following is a spiritual understanding of Alif-Lam-Lam-Ha’: ‘Allah’.
Alif represents the beginning, being the first letter of the Name, ‘Allah’. Looking at the Asma’ al-Husna, Alif is still the first of almost every name. We do not say ‘Rahman’; we say ‘ar-Rahman’, for example, and that applies to almost all the other Names. Alif is always standing. It describes akhirah. ‘Islam’, ‘iman’, ‘ihsan’; the words related to akhirah begin with Alif. Alif also represents the qiyam at the beginning of swalah, when the takbir is said.
If we take away the Alif, what remains of the Name, ‘Allah’ is the Lam-Lam-Ha’, which is read as Lillahi. It means, ‘for the Sake of Allah’, or ‘it Belongs to Allah’. So that first letter demonstrates to us the meaning of the name Allah. If we take it away, it shows us what is other than Allah (s.w.t.), Creation – Lam-Lam-Ha’. With Allah (s.w.t.), Creation cannot exist. Alif refers to Allah (s.w.t.). Once we take it away, it becomes dunya, all that is other than Him.
When we remove the first Lam, we are left with Lam-Ha’, Lahu; everything is for Him. We do not own ourselves, or anything for that matter. He Owns it. We do not even own the next breath or the next heartbeat, such is our poverty.
When we take away the second Lam, we are left with the Ha’. It is read as Hu, He. Whatever we think we do, whatever we think we are, whatever we think we know; it still comes back to Allah (s.w.t.). And that is why Allah (s.w.t.) Says:
“To Allah we Belong and to Him is our Return.” (Surah al-Baqarah:156)
In essence, the Alif is for ‘Allah’. The first Lam represents akhirah, and is known as lam al-malakut, the ghayb. The second Lam represents dunya. When we remove these two kingdoms what remains is Hu. This means that, in reality, there is nothing except Him. Between the Alif and the Ha’, between the beginning and end, the Alpha and the Omega; there is nothing except Allah (s.w.t.). And that is why our Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) was Ordered to say:
In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Say: He is Allah the One and Only; (Surah al-Ikhlasw:1)
The Divine Name used here is Ahad, which is more explicit than al-Wahid. The emphasis is that Allah (s.w.t.) is Unique, and that nothing shares in any of His Attributes, including Existence.