Tuesday, 2 February 2010

Names of the Prophet (s.a.w.) from Qur'an, Ahadits, Qaswa'id & Earlier Scriptures

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

The following commentary was originally by Shaykh Gibril Haddad.  This is the explanation of the names of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.), as set forth by Shaykh al-Islam, the last of the major ahadits masters, Imam Jalal ad-Din as-Suyuthi (q.s.) in his book, ar-Riyadh al-Aniqa fi Sharh Asma’ Khayr al-Khaliqah Swallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam, edited by the Lebanese ahadits scholar, Shaykh Abu Hajir Muhammad as-Sa`id ibn Basyuni Zaghlul (r.a.).

Imam as-Suyuthi (q.s.) wrote, “It is my hope that Allah Accept this book and that through this book I will gain the Messenger's intercession.  Perhaps it shall be that Allah Make it the seal of all my works, and Grant me what I have asked Him with longing regarding the Honourable One.  I have named it, ‘The Beautiful Gardens: Explanation of the Names of the Best of Creation.’”

One of the commentaries notes that the scholars have said that the multitude of names points to the greatness of the named and his loftiness of rank, because it supposes great care and importance.  That is why among the Arabs, we will see that the objects with the most names are those who commend the greatest endeavour and effort.

Some have said the Prophet (s.a.w.) has ninety-nine names, like the Beautiful Names of Allah (s.w.t.).  Shaykh ibn Dihyah (r.a.), however, averred three hundred names.  Imam Abu Bakr ibn al-‘Arabi (r.a.) in his commentary on Imam at-Tirmidzi’s (r.a.), Swahih, ‘Aridhat al-Ahwadzi bi Sharh Swahih at-Tirmidzi, mentioned one thousand names, some being mentioned in the Qur’an and ahadits while others are found in the ancient books.  Some of his names came to us in the form of a verb or a verbal noun, and a large number of the scholars including Qadhi ‘Iyadh (r.a.) and Shaykh ibn Dihyah (r.a.) include those among the names.  This is what the large majority of the scholars, especially those of ahadits, have done with regard to Allah’s (s.w.t.).

As for the Prophet’s (s.a.w.) saying, “I have five names...”, as recorded in Swahih al-Bukhari and Swahih Muslim, it does not contradict the fact that he has more than that, because it is one of the rules of the principles, qawa’id al-uswul, that the number is not understood exclusively, al-‘adadu la yukhaswswasw.  How many ahadits have mentioned numbers which are not meant to convey exclusivity, for example, “Seven will enjoy the shade of Allah’s Throne”, as found in Swahih al-Bukhari, while other ahadits mention more than that; Shaykh Gibril Haddad has about seventy or more among the more famous ones.

Shaykh Gibril Haddad also considered that the wording ‘five’ needs investigation, and if it is established, then perhaps it comes from the nearest narrator, because most of the narrations have: “I have names”, “inna li asma’”, and some of the narrations also mentioned six instead of five, while Jubayr’s (r.a.) narration mentioned more than that.

Imam ibn ‘Asakir (r.a.) addressed this in his Mubhimat al-Qur’an and said, “It is both possible that the mention of the number is not from the Prophet’s wording, or that it is from him, in any case this does not necessitate a limit.  These five were mentioned specifically either because of the listener's prior knowledge of the other names as if the Prophet were saying, ‘I have five particularly meritorious and glorious names,’ or because of the fame of these five names as if the Prophet were saying, ‘I have five particularly famous names.’ of for some other reason.”

Here now are the ahadits which number his names.  We have the hadits of Jubayr ibn Muth’im (r.a.); the hadits of Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah (r.a.); the hadits of Abu Musa al-Ash’ari (r.a.); the hadits of Hudzayfah ibn al-Yaman (r.a.); the hadits of ibn Mas’ud (r.a.); the hadits of ibn ‘Abbas (r.a.); the hadits of Abu al-Tufayl (r.a.); and the hadits of ‘Awf ibn Malik (r.a.).

Regarding the hadits of Jubayr ibn Muth’im (r.a.), his son, Muhammad ibn Jubayr (r.a.) narrated it from him as well as Nafi’ (r.a.), and Imam az-Zuhri (r.a.) took it from Muhammad (r.a.), and thence a large number of narrators, among them, Imam Sufyan ats-Tsawri (r.a.), Shaykh Shu’ayb (r.a.), Shaykh Mu’ammar (r.a.), Imam Malik (r.a.), Shaykh Muhammad ibn Maysarah (r.a.), and others.  It is found in Musnad Ahmad, Sunan at-Tirmidzi, and Shama’il at-Tirmidzi.  Also Imam Muslim (r.a.) recorded it from Shaykh Ishaq ibn Ibrahim al-Hanzali (r.a.) and others.

Imam as-Suyuthi (q.s.) narrated with his isnad that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “I have (many) names.  I am The Praised One (Muhammad).  And I am the Most Deserving of Praise (Ahmad).  And I am the Eraser (al-Mahi) by whom unbelief is erased.  And I am the Gatherer (al-Hashir) at whose feet the people shall be gathered.  And I am the Concluder (al-‘Aqib) after whom there is no prophet.”

Imam al-Bukhari (r.a.) in his Swahih and Imam Malik (r.a.) in his Muwaththa’ narrated it from Shaykh Mu’ammar (r.a.) without the words, ‘after whom there is no prophet’.  This is the last hadits in the Muwaththa’.  Imam ad-Darimi (r.a.) in his Sunan cited it from Shaykh ash-Shu’ayb (r.a.) with the words, ‘after whom there is no one’.   Imam al-Bukhari’s (r.a.) version adds that Shaykh Mu’ammar said, “I asked az-Zuhri, ‘What is al-‘Aqib?’  He replied, ‘The one after whom there is no prophet.’”

Imam al-Bayhaqi (r.a.) in Dala'il an-Nubuwwah narrated it from Shaykh Muhammad ibn Maysarah (r.a.) with the final words: “And I am the Concluder (al-‘Aqib), that is: ‘the Sealer’.”  Imam Ahmad (r.a.) in his Musnad and Imam al-Bayhaqi (r.a.) in the Dala’il also narrated it with the mere mention of the names without gloss, and with the addition of a sixth name: “I have names.  I am The Praised One (Muhammad).  And I am the Most Deserving of Praise (Ahmad), and the Gatherer (al-Hashir), and the Eraser (al-Mahi), and the Sealer (al-Khatim), and the Concluder (al-‘Aqib).”  As can be seen, the Prophet (s.a.w.) listed his names above as six, and this indicates that the mention of ‘five’ is not from the Prophet (s.a.w.), who only said: ‘names’.  Jubayr (r.a.) subsequently remembered whatever he remembered, or he mentioned some of them, and kept some of them to himself.

Regarding the hadits of Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah (r.a.), it is like the hadits of Jubayr (r.a.) but without the mention of ‘al-‘Aqib’ and with an addition, so that it reads, “I am the Most Deserving of Praise (Ahmad).  I am The Praised One (Muhammad).  And I am the Gatherer (al-Hashir) at whose feet the people shall be gathered.  And I am the Eraser (al-Mahi) by whom Allah Erases disbelief.  On the Day of Resurrection the Flag of Glorification will be with me and I shall be the leader of all the Messengers and the custodian of their intercession.”

Imam ath-Thabarani (r.a.) narrated it in al-Jami’ al-Kabir and al-Jami’ al-Awsath.  Imam al-Haytsami (r.a.) said in Majma’ az-Zawa’id that its chain contains Shaykh ‘Urwah ibn Marwan (r.a.) who was said not to be strong, laysa bi al-qawi, that is he is merely acceptable, while the remainder of its narrators have been declared trustworthy.  Imam Abu Nu’aym (r.a.) also narrated it in Dala’il an-Nubuwwah from Imam ath-Thabarani (r.a.) with the wording: “And I am the Gatherer (al-Hashir) and the people will not be gathered anywhere else than at my feet.”

Regarding the hadits of Abu Musa al-Ash`ari (r.a.), Imam as-Suyuthi (q.s.) narrated with his isnad through Imam Abu Dawud ath-Thayalisi (r.a.) that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “I am The Praised One (Muhammad), and the Most Deserving of Praise (Ahmad), and the Final Successor (al-Muqfi), and the Gatherer (al-Hashir), and the Prophet of Repentance (Nabi at-Tawbah), and the Prophet of Mercy (Nabi ar-Rahmah).”

Imam Muslim (r.a.) in his Swahih, Kitab al-Fadha’il, and Imam Abu Nu’aym (r.a.) narrated it in Hilyat al-Awliya’.  Imam Ahmad (r.a.) in his Musnad narrated it through one person without ‘and the Prophet of Repentance,’ and through Shaykh Yazid (r.a.) who retained it but replaced ‘the Prophet of Mercy,’ with “and of the Fierce Battle,” “Nabi al-Malhamah.”

Regarding the hadits of Hudzayfah (r.a.); Imam as-Suyuthi (q.s.) narrated with his isnad that Hudzayfah (r.a.) said, “I met the Prophet in one of the streets of Madina and he said, ‘I am The Praised One (Muhammad).  And I am the Most Deserving of Praise (Ahmad).  And I am the Prophet of Mercy (Nabi ar-Rahmah).  And I am the Prophet of Repentance (Nabi at-Tawbah).  And I am the Final Successor (al-Muqfi).  And I am the Gatherer (al-Hashir) and the Prophet of the Great Battle (Nabi al-Malhamah).’”

Imam as-Suyuthi (q.s.) said that Imam Ahmad (r.a.) narrated it in his Musnad, and the sub-narrators are all the men of sound hadits except Shaykh ‘Asim ibn Bahdalah (r.a.).  Imam as-Suyuthi (r.a.) said he is tsiqah, trustworthy.  Imam al-Haytsami (r.a.) in Majma’ az-Zawa'id said the hadits is sound.

Regarding the hadits of ibn Mas’ud (r.a.), Imam as- Suyuthi (q.s.) narrated with his isnad that ibn Mas’ud (r.a.) said, “I heard the Prophet say in one of the streets of Madina, ‘I am The Praised One (Muhammad), and the Most Deserving of Praise (Ahmad), and the Gatherer (al-Hashir), and the Final Successor (al-Muqfi), and the Prophet of Mercy (Nabi ar-Rahmah).’”  Imam ibn Hibban (r.a.) narrated it in his Swahih, and Imam al-Haytsami (r.a.) cited it in Mawarid azh-Zham’an.

Regarding the hadits of ibn ‘Abbas (r.a.), Imam as-Suyuthi (q.s.) narrated with his isnad through Imam ath-Thabarani (r.a.) that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “I am the Most Deserving of Praise (Ahmad), and the Praised One (Muhammad), and the Gatherer (al-Hashir), and the Final Successor (al-Muqfi), and the Sealer (al-Khatim).”  Imam ath-Thabarani (r.a.) said in his Swaghir that this hadits is not related from ibn ‘Abbas (r.a.) through any other chain, and Imam as-Suyuthi (q.s.) added that the chain is missing a link through Shaykh ad-Dahhak (r.a.) and ibn ‘Abbas (r.a.).  However, Shaykh Ahmad Shakir (r.a.), the late editor of Musnad Ahmad said in that book that Shaykh Abu Janab al-Kalbi (r.a.) narrated from Shaykh al-Dahhak, “I was ibn ‘Abbas’ neighbour for seven years.”  Imam al-Haytsami (r.a.) mentioned the hadits in Majma’ az-Zawa’id but did not say anything about it.

Regarding the hadits of Abu at-Tufayl (r.a.), this is the swahabah, ‘Amir ibn Watsilah ibn ‘Abdullah al-Bakri al-Laytsi (r.a.).  He related the hadits recorded by Imam Muslim (r.a.), Imam Abu Dawud (r.a.), and Imam ibn Majah (r.a.) in their books of manasik whereby the Prophet (s.a.w.) would touch the Black Stone with his camel-prod, mihjan, while circumambulating on top of his mount and then kiss it.

Imam as-Suyuthi (q.s.) narrated with his isnad, having heard this from Imam Muhammad ibn Abu al-Hasan ash-Shadzili (q.s.) and Abu Hurayrah ‘Abd ar-Rahman ibn Abu al-Hasan ash-Shadzili (q.s.) and others: From Isma’il Abu Yahya at-Taymi, from Shaykh Sayf ibn Wahb (r.a.) who heard Abu at-Tufayl (r.a.) say, “The Prophet (s.a.w.) said, ‘I have ten names in the Presence of my Lord.’”

Abu at-Tufayl (r.a.) said, “I only remember eight, and have forgotten two: ‘I am The Praised One (Muhammad), and the Most Deserving of Praise (Ahmad), and the Opener (al-Fatih), and the Sealer (al-Khatim), and the Father of Qasim (Abu al-Qasim), and the Gatherer (al-Hashir), and the Concluder (al-‘Aqib), and the Eraser (al-Mahi).’”

Shaykh Sayf ibn Wahb (r.a.) said, “I related this hadits to Abu Ja’far and he said, ‘O Sayf al-Mulla!  Shall I tell you the two missing names?’  I said yes, and he said, ‘YaSin and ThaHa.’”

Imam ibn Mardawayh (r.a.) in his Tafsir, Shaykh Abu Nu’aym (r.a.) in his Dala’il, and Imam ad-Daylami (r.a.) in Musnad al-Firdaws all cited it with their chains through Abu Yahya al-Taymi.  Imam ibn Dihyah (r.a.) said, “This is a worthless chain, as it revolves around a forger, Yahya al-Taymi and a weak narrator Sayf ibn Wahb.”

Imam az-Zabidi (r.a.) cited it in his Ithaf as-Sadat al-Muttaqin.  He mentioned that Imam ibn Dihyah (r.a.) cited it also in his al-Muswthafa, and al-Taymi is a forger while Imam Ahmad (r.a.) said that Shaykh Sayf ibn Wahb (r.a.) is weak.

Regarding the hadits of `Awf ibn Malik (r.a.), Imam as-Suyuthi (q.s.) narrated with his isnad back to Shaykh Abu Nu’aym (r.a.) that ‘Awf ibn Malik (r.a.) said, “One day, the Prophet (s.a.w.) set forth and I was with him.  He entered the synagogue of the Jews during their festival day and they disliked it intensely that we should visit them.  The Prophet then said, ‘O nation of the Jews!  By Allah, in truth I am the Gatherer (al-Hashir), and I am the Concluder (al-‘Aqib), and I am the Final Successor (al-Muqfi), whether you believe or give the lie.’  Then he left and I left with him.”

Regarding the names of the Prophet (s.a.w.) that have been verified, Imam as-Suyuthi (r.a.) in ar-Riyadh al-Aniqa, and Imam an-Nawawi (r.a.) in Tahdzib al-Asma’ wa asw-Swifat that most of the Prophet’s (s.a.w.) names mentioned are only attributes, such as the Concluder, al-‘Aqib; the Gatherer, al-Hashir; and the Sealer, al-Khatim.  To call them ‘names’ is a metaphorical appellation.  We have established a list of three hundred and forty-odd names divided among sections.  The commentary and referencing of each name follows the list.

Names of the Prophet (s.a.w.) Explicitly Mentioned in the Qur’an:
1. Muhammad, The Praised One;
2. Ahmad, The Most Deserving of Praise;
3. al-Ahsan, The Most Beautiful, The Best;
4. Udzun Khayr, Friendly Ear;
5. al-‘Ala, The Highest in All Creation;
6. al-Imam, The Leader;
7. al-Amin, The Dependable;
8. an-Nabi, The Prophet;
9. al-Ummi, The Unlettered;
10. Anfas al-‘Arab, The Most Precious of the Arabs;
11. Ayatullah, The Sign of Allah;
12. Alif Lam Mim Ra;
13. Alif Lam Mim Swad;
14. al-Burhan, The Proof;
15. al-Bashir, The Bringer of Glad Tidings;
16. al-Baligh, The Very Eloquent One;
17. al-Bayyinah, The Exposition;
18. Tsani Itsnayn, The Second of Two;
19. al-Haris, The Insistent One;
20. al-Haqq, The Truth Itself;
21. Ha Mim;
22. Ha Mim ‘Ayn Sin Qaf;
23. al-Hanif, The One of Primordial Religion;
24. Khatim an-Nabiyyin, The Seal of Prophets;
25. al-Khabir, The Knowledgeable One;
26. ad-Da’i, The Summoner;
27. Dzu al-Quwwah, The Strong One;
28. Rahmatan li al-‘Alamin, A Mercy for the Worlds;
29. ar-Ra’uf, The Gentle One;
30. ar-Rahim, The Compassionate One;
31. ar-Rasul, The Messenger;
32. Sabilillah, The Path to Allah;
33. as-Siraj al-Munir, The Light-Giving Lamp;
34. ash-Shaahid, The Witness;
35. ash-Shahiid, The Giver of Testimony;
36. asw-Swahib, The Companion;
37. asw-Swidq, Truthfulness Itself;
38. asw-Swirat al-Mustaqim, The Straight Way;
39. Tha Sin;
40. Tha Sin Mim;
41. Tha Ha;
42. al-‘Amil, The Worker;
43. al-‘Abd, The Slave;
44. ‘Abdullah, Slave of Allah;
45. al-‘Urwat al-Wutsqah, The Sure Rope;
46. al-‘Aziz, The Mighty One, The Dearest One;
47. al-Fajr, The Dawn;
48. Fadhlullah, Allah's Grace;
49. Qadamu Swidq, Truthful Ground;
50. al-Karim, The Generous One;
51. Kaf Ha’ Ya’ ‘Ayn Swad;
52. al-Lisan, Language Itself;
53. al-Mubashshir, The Harbinger of Goodness;
54. al-Mubin, The Manifest;
55. al-Muddatstsir, The Cloaked One;
56. al-Muzzammil, The Enshrouded One;
57. al-Mudzakkir, The Reminder;
58. al-Mursal, The Envoy;
59. al-Muslim, The One Who Submits;
60. al-Mashhud, The One Witnessed To;
61. al-Muswaddiq, The Confirmer;
62. al-Muta’, The One Who is Obeyed;
63. al-Makin, The Staunch One;
64. al-Munadi, The Crier;
65. al-Mundzir, The Admonisher;
66. al-Mizan, The Balance;
67. an-Naas, Humanity;
68. an-Najm, The Star;
69. al-Tsaqib, The Sharp-Witted One;
70. an-Nadzir, The Warner;
71. Ni’matullah, Allah’s Great Favour;
72. an-Nur, The Light;
73. Nun;
74. al-Hadi, Guidance Itself;
75. al-Wali, The Ally;
76. al-Yatim, The Orphan, The Unique One; and
77. Ya Sin.

Names of the Prophet (s.a.w.) Mentioned in the Qur’an as verbs:
78. Akhidh asw-Swadaqat, The Collector of Alms;
79. al-Amir, The Commander;
80. an-Nahi, The Forbidder;
81. at-Tali, The Successor;
82. al-Hakim, The Arbitrator;
83. adz-Dzakir, The Rememberer;
84. ar-Radi, The Acquiescent;
85. ar-Raghib, The Keen;
86. al-Wadi’, The Deposer;
87. Rafi’ adz-Dzikr, The One of Exalted Fame;
88. Rafi’ ad-Darajat, The One of The Exalted Ranks;
89. as-Sajid, The Prostrate;
90. asw-Swabir, The Long-Suffering;
91. as-Sadi’, The Conqueror of Obstacles;
92. asw-Swafuh, The Oft-Forgiving;
93. al-‘Abid, The Worshipful;
94. al-‘Aalim, The Knower;
95. al-‘Alim, The Deeply Aware;
96. al-‘Afuw, The Grantor of Pardon;
97. al-Ghalib, The Victor;
98. al-Ghani, The Free from Want;
99. al-Muballigh, The Bearer of News;
100. al-Muttaba’, He Who is Followed;
101. al-Mutabaththil, The Utter Devotee;
102. al-Mutarabbisw, The Expectant On;
103. al-Muhallil, The Dispenser of Permissions;
104. al-Muharrim, The Mandator of Prohibitions;
105. al-Murattil, The Articulate;
106. al-Muzhakki, The Purifier;
107. al-Muswabbih, The Lauder;
108. al-Musta’idz, The Seeker of Refuge;
109. al-Mustaghfir, The Seeker of Forgiveness;
110. al-Mu’min, The Believer, The Grantor of Safety;
111. al-Mushawir, The Consultant;
112. al-Muswalli, The Prayerful;
113. al-Mu’azzaz, The Strengthened One;
114. al-Muwaqqar, The One Held in Awe;
115. al-Ma’swum, The Infallible;
116. al-Manswur, The One with Divine Aid;
117. al-Mawla, The Master of Favours and Help;
118. al-Mu’ayyad, The Recipient of Support;
119. an-Nasib, The One Who Makes Great Effort;
120. al-Hadi, The Guide; and
121. al-Wa’izh, The Exhorter.

Names of the Prophet (s.a.w.) in the ahadits and other Scripture:
122. Ajir, The Saved One;
123. Uhyad, The Dissuader;
124. Ahhad, The Peerless One;
125. Akhumakh, Of Sound Submission;
126. al-Atqa, The Most God-Fearing;
127. al-Abar, The Most Righteous One. The Most Pious One;
128. al-Abyad, The Fairest One;
129. al-Aghar, The Most Radiant One;
130. al-Anfar, The One with the Largest Assembly;
131. al-Aswdaq, The Most Truthful;
132. al-Ajwad: The Most Bounteous;
133. Ashja’ an-Naas, The Most Courageous of Humanity;
134. al-Akhidz bi al-Hujuzat, The Grasper of Waist-Knots;
135. Arjah an-Nas ‘Aqlan, The Foremost in Humanity’s Intellect;
136. al-‘Alamubillah, The Foremost in Knowledge of Allah;
137. al-Akhsha Lillah, The Foremost in Fear of Allah;
138. Afswah al-‘Arab, The Most Articulate of the Arabs;
139. Aktsaru al-Anbiya’i Tabi’an, The Prophet with the Largest Following;
140. al-Akram, The One Held in Highest Honour;
141. al-Iklil, The Diadem;
142. Imam an-Nabiyyin, The Leader of Prophets;
143. Imam al-Muttaqin, The Leader of the Pious;
144. Imam an-Nas, The Leader of Humanity;
145. Imam al-Khayr: The Good Leader;
146. al-Aman, The Safeguard;
147. Amanat asw-Swahabih, The Keeper of His Companions’ Trust;
148. al-Awwal, The First;
149. al-Akhir, The Last;
140. Ukhrayah, The Last of the Prophets, [His name in the Torah];
141. al-Awwah, The One Who Cries Out;
142. al-Abtahi, The One from Bitah [The area between Makkah and Mina];
143. al-Bariqlit, al-Barqalitus, The Paraclete, The Spirit of Holiness, The Innocent;
144. al-Bathin, The Hidden One in His Station;
145. Bim’udzma’udz [One of his names in the Torah];
146. al-Bayan, The Exposition;
147. at-Taqi’, The One Who Guards Himself;
148. at-Tihami, The One from Tihama [the lowlands of the Hijaz];
149. ats-Tsimal, The Protector;
150. al-Jabbar, The Fierce One;
151. al-Khatim, The Sealer;
152. al-Hashir, The Gatherer;
153. Hat Hat [His name in the Psalms of David];
154. al-Hafizh, The Preserver;
155. Hamid, The Who Praises and is Praised;
156. Hamil liwa’ al-Hamd, Bearer of the Flag of Praise;
157: Habibullah, Allah’s Beloved;
158. Habib ar-Rahman, The Beloved of the Merciful;
159. Habitan [His name in the Injil];
160. al-Hujjah, The Proof;
162. Hirzan li al-‘Ayn, A Barrier against the Evil Eye;
163. al-Hasib, The Sufficient, The Highborn;
164. al-Hafizh, The Keeper and Guardian;
165. al-Hakim, The Wise;
166. al-Halim, The Forbearing;
167. Hammitayah, Guardian of Sanctity;
168. al-Humayd, The Praised One;
169. al-Hamiid, The Praised One;
170. al-Hayy: The Living One;
171. Khazin Mal Allah, Allah’s Treasurer;
172. al-Khashi’, The Fearful;
173. al-Khadi’, The Submissive;
174. Khathib an-Nabiyyin, The Orator of the Prophets;
175. Khalilullah, Allah’s Bosom Friend;
176. Khalifatullah, Allah’s Vicegerent;
177. Khayr al-‘Alamin, The Greatest Goodness in the Worlds;
178. Khayr al-Khalqillah, The Best in Allah’s Creation;
179. Khayru Hadzhi al-Ummah, The Best of This Community;
180. Dar al-Hikmah, The Abode of Wisdom;
181. ad-Damigh, The Refuter of Falsehoods;
182. adz-Dzikr, The Remembrance;
183. adz-Dzakkar, The One Who Remembers Much;
184. ar-Raafi’, The Exalter;
185. Rakib al-Buraq, The Rider of the Buraq;
186. Rakib al-Jamal, The Rider of the Camel;
187. Rahmatun Muhdat, Mercy Bestowed;
188. Rasul ar-Rahmah, The Emissary of Mercy;
189. Rasul ar-Raha’, The Emissary of Relief;
190. Rasul al-Malahim or Nabi al-Malahim, The Emissary of Battles or The Prophet of Battles;
191. Rukn al-Mutawadhi’in, The Pillar of the Humble;
192. ar-Rahhab, The Most Fearful;
193. Ruh al-Haqq: The Spirit of Truth;
194. Ruh al-Quddus: The Spirit of Holiness;
195. az-Zahid, The Ascetic;
196. az-Zaki, The Pure;
197. az-Zamzami, The Heir of Zamzam;
198. Zaynu man Wafa’ al-Qiyamah, The Ornament of All on the Day of Judgment;
199. Swabiq, Foremost;
200. Sarkhatilos [Paraclete in Syriac];
201. Sa’id, Felicitous;
202. as-Salam, Peace;
203. Sayyid an-Nas, The Master of Humanity;
204. Sayyid Walad Adam, The Master of the Children of Adam;
205. Sayfullah, Allah’s Sword;
206. ash-Shari’, The Law-Giver;
207. ash-Shafi’i, The Intercessor;
208. ash-Shafi’, The Constant Intercessor;
209. al-Mushaffa’, The One Granted Intercession;
210. ash-Shakir, The Thankful One;
211. ash-Shakkar, The One Who Thanks Much;
212. ash-Shakur, The Ever-Thankful;
213. Swahib at-Taj, The Owner of the Crown;
214. Swahib al-Hujja, The Bringer of The Proof;
215. Swahib al-Hawd: The Owner of the Pond;
216. Swahib al-Kawtsar, The Owner of the River of Kawtsar;
217. Swahib al-Hatim, The Lord of the Court before the Ka’bah;
218. Swahib al-Khatim, The Owner of the Seal;
219. Swahibu Zamzam, The Owner of Zamzam;
220. Swahib as-Sulthan, The Possessor of Authority;
221. Swahib as-Sayf, The Bearer of the Sword;
222. Swahib ash-Shafa’at al-Kubra, The Owner of the Great Intercession;
223. Swahib al-Qadhib, The Bearer of the Rod;
224. Swahib al-Liwa’, The Bearer of the Flag;
225. Swahib al-Mahshar, The Leader of the Gathering;
226. Swahib al-Mudarra’ah, The Wearer of Armour;
227. Swahib al-Mash’ar, The Owner of the Landmark;
228. Swahib al-Mi’raj, The One Who Ascended;
229. Swahib al-Maqam al-Mahmud, The One of Glorified Station;
230. Swahib al-Minbar, The Owner of the Pulpit;
231. Swahib an-Na’layn, The Wearer of Sandals;
232. Swahib al-Hirawah, The Bearer of the Cane;
233. Swahib al-Wasilah, The Possessor of the Means;
234. Swahib Laa Ilaha illa Allah, The Teacher of ‘There is no god but Allah’;
235. asw-Swadiq, The Truthful;
236. al-Maswduq, The Confirmed;
237. asw-Swalih, The Righteous One;
238. adh-Dhabith, The Controller;
239. adh-Dhahuk, The Cheerful One;
240. ath-Thahir, The Ritually Pure One;
241. Tab Tab, Of Blessed Memory [His Name in the Torah];
242. ath-Thayyib, The Salutary One, The Fragrant One;
243. azh-Zhahir, The Prevailer;
244. al-‘Aqib, The Last in Succession;
245. al-‘Adl, The Just;
246. al-‘Arabi, The Arab, The Speaker of Arabic;
247. ‘Iswmatullah, Allah’s Protection;
248. al-‘Azhim, The Tremendous;
249. al-‘Afif, The Chaste;
250. al-‘Ali, The High;
251. al-Ghafur, The Frequent and Abundant Forgiver;
252. al-Ghaysh, Rain, Help [Especially in the elements];
253. al-Fatih, The Conqueror;
254. al-Fariq, The Separator between Good and Evil;
255. Farqilitah, The Paraclete;
256. Fart, The Scout;
257. al-Faswih, The Highly Articulate One;
258. Falah, Felicity;
259. Fi’at al-Muslimin, The Main Body of the Muslims;
260. al-Qa’im, The One Who Stands and Warns, The Establisher;
261. Qassim, The Distributer;
262. Qa’id al-Khayr, The Leader Who Guides to Goodness;
263. Qa’id al-Ghurr al-Muhajjalin, Leader of the Bright-Limbed Ones;
264. al-Qattal: The Dauntless Fighter;
265. Qutham, Of Perfect Character, Gifted with Every Merit;
266. Qudmayah, The First of the Prophets [His name in the Torah];
267. al-Qurayshi, The One from Quraysh;
268. al-Qarib, The Near One;
269. al-Qayyim, The Righteous Straightener of the Community;
270. al-Kaff, The One Who Puts a Stop to Disobedience;
271. al-Majid, The Glorifier;
272. al-Mahi, The Eraser of Disbelief,
273. al-Ma’mun, The One Devoid of Harm;
274. al-Mubarak, The Blessed;
275. al-Muttaqi’, The God-Conscious;
276. al-Mutamakkin, The One Made Firm and Established;
277. al-Mutawakkil, The One Completely Dependent upon Allah;
278. al-Mujtabah, The Elect;
279. al-Mukhbit, The Humble before Allah;
280. al-Mukhbir, The Bringer of News;
281. al-Mukhtar, The Chosen One;
282. al-Mukhlisw, The Perfectly Sincere One;
283. al-Murtajah, The Much Anticipated One;
284. al-Murshid, The Guide;
285. Marhamah, General Amnesty;
286. Malhamah, Great Battle;
287. Marghamah, Greater Force;
288. al-Musaddad, Made Righteous;
289. al-Mas’ud, The Fortunate;
290. al-Masih, The Anointed;
291. al-Mashfu’, Granted Intercession;
292. Mushaqqah or Mushaffah, Praised One;
293. al-Muswthafa, The One Chosen and Purified;
294. al-Muswlih, The Reformer;
295. al-Muthahhir or al-Muthahhar, The Purifier or The Purified One;
296. al-Muthi’, The Obedient One;
297. al-Mu’thi, The Giver;
298. al-Mu’aqqib, The One Who Comes Last in Succession;
299. al-Mu’allim, The Teacher;
300. al-Mifdhal, The Most Generous;
301. al-Mufadhdhal: Favoured Above All Others;
302. al-Muqaddas, The One Held Sacred;
303. Muqim as-Sunnah, The Founder of The Way;
304. al-Mukrim, The One Who Honoured Others;
305. al-Makki, The Makkan;
306. al-Madani, The Madinan;
307. al-Muntakhab, The Chosen One;
308. al-Munhaminnah, The Praised One [in Syriac];
309. al-Munswif: The Equitable One;
310. al-Munib, The Oft-Repentant One;
311. al-Muhajir: The Emigrant;
312. al-Mahdi, The Well-Guided One;
313. al-Muhaymin, The Watcher;
314. al-Mu’tamin, The One Given the Trust;
315. Musal, The One Mercy was Shown. [In the Torah.];
316. Madz Madz or Mudz Mudz or Midz Midz, Of Blessed Memory;
317. an-Nasikh, The Abrogater;
318. an-Nashir, The Proclaimer;
319. an-Naswih, The Most Sincere Adviser;
320. an-Naswir, The Helper;
321. Nabi al-Marhamah, The Prophet of General Amnesty;
322. an-Nasib, The One of High Lineage;
323. an-Naqiy, The Limpid One;
324. an-Naqib, Trustee. Guarantor;
325. al-Hashimi, The One of Hashim’s Line;
326. al-Wasith, Central in Relation to All the Noble Families;
327. al-Wa’id, The Harbinger of Terrible News;
328. al-Waswilah, The Means;
329. al-Wafi, Holder of His Promise;
330. Abu al-Qasim, Father of Qasim;
331. Abu Ibrahim, Father of Ibrahim;
332. Abu al-Mu’minin, Father of the Believers; and
333. Abu al-Aramil, Father of Widows.

Additional names from Imam al-Jazuli’s (q.s.) Dala’il al-Khayrat:
334. Wahid, Unique;
335. Sayyid, Master;
336. Jami’, Unifier;
337. Muqtafi, Imitated One;
338. Kamil, Perfect One;
339. Swafi’allah, Allah’s Chosen and Purified One;
340. Naji’allah, Allah’s Intimate Friend;
341. Kalimullah, Conversant with Allah;
342. Muhyin, Giver of Life;
343. Munajji, Saviour;
344. Ma’lum, One of Known Position;
345. Shahir, Famous;
346. Mashhud, Visible;
347. Miswbah, Lamp;
348. Mad’uw, One Called Upon;
349. Mujib, One Responsive to Requests;
350. Mujab, One Whose Request is Granted;
351. Hafiy, Affectionate and Kind;
352. Mukarram, Highly Honoured;
353. Matin, Steadfast;
354. Mu’ammil, Rouser of Hope;
355. Waswul, One Who Grants Access to the Divine;
356. Dzu Hurmah, One with Sanctity;
357. Dzu Makanah, One of Eminent Station;
358. Dzu ‘Izz, One Endowed with Might;
359. Dzu Fadhl, Pre-Eminent;
360. Ghawts, Helper;
361. Ghayyats, Prompt and Frequent Helper;
362. Hadiyyatullah, Allah's Gift;
363. Swirathullah, Way to Allah;
364. Dzikrullah, Remembrance of Allah;
365. Hizbullah, Party of Allah;
366. Muntaqa, Carefully Selected;
367. Abu ath-Thahir, Father of Purity;
368. Barr, Pious, Dutiful;
369. Mubirr, He Who Overcomes;
370. Wajih: Distinguished In Allah’s Sight;
371. Naswih, One Who Excels at Sincere Advice;
372. Wakil, Trustee, Dependable;
373. Kafil, Guarantor. Guardian;
374. Shafiq, Solicitous. Tender;
375. Ruh al-Qist, Spirit of Justice;
376. Muktafi, He Who is Content with Little;
377. Baligh, One Who Has Reached His Goal;
378. Shafi’, Healer;
379. Waswil, One Who has Reached His Goal;
380. Mawswul, Connected;
381. Sa’iq, Mindful Conductor;
382. Muhdi, Guide;
383. Muqaddam, Pre-eminent One;
384. Fadhil, Most Excellent One;
385. Miftah, Key;
386. Miftah ar-Rahmah, Key to Mercy;
387. Miftah al-Jannah, Key to Paradise;
388. ‘Alam al-Iman, Standard of Belief;
389. ‘Alam al-Yaqin: Standard of Certainty;
390. Dalil al-Khayrat, Guide to Good Things;
391. Muswahhih al-Hasanat, Ratifier of Good Deeds;
392. Muqil al-‘Atsarat, Dismisser of Private Faults;
393. Swafuh ‘an az-Zallat, One Who Disregards Lapses;
394. Swahib al-Qadam: Possessor of The Foothold;
395. Makhswusw bi al-`Izz, Alone to be Granted Might;
396. Makhswusw bi al-Majd, Alone to be Granted Glory;
397. Makhswusw bi ash-Sharaf, Alone to be Granted Honour;
398. Swahib al-Fadhilat, Possessor of Greatest Pre-Eminence;
399. Swahib al-Izar, Wearer of the Loin-Wrap;
400. Swahib ar-Rida’, Wearer of the Cloak;
401. Swahib ad-Darajat ar-Rafi’a, Possessor of the Highest Degree;
402. Swahib al-Mighfar, Possessor of the Helmet;
403. Swahib al-Bayan, Spokesman;
404. Muthahhar al-Janan, Purified of Heart;
405. Swahih al-Islam, Completer of Islam;
406. Sayyid al-Kawnayn, Master of Humanity and Jinn;
407. ‘Ayn an-Na’im. Spring of Bliss, Bliss Itself;
408. ‘Ayn al-Ghurr, Spring of the Radiant Ones, Radiance Itself;
409. Sa’dullah, Felicity Bestowed by Allah;
410. Sa’d al-Khalq, Felicity Bestowed upon Creation;
411. Khathib al-Umam, Orator to the Nations;
412. ‘Alam al-Huda, Flag of Guidance;
413. Kashif al-Kurab, Remover of Adversities;
414. Rafi’ ar-Rutab, Raiser of Ranks;
415. ‘Izz al-‘Arab, Might and Glory of the Arabs;
416. Swahib al-Faraj, Bringer of Deliverance;

The following is Imam al-Jazuli’s (q.s.) invocation at the end of his list of the Prophet’s (s.a.w.) names: “O Allah, O our Lord!  For the honour of Your Elect prophet and pleasing Messenger before You, Purify our hearts from all the traits that keep us away from Your Presence and Your Love, and Have us pass away following his way and adhering to his congregation, longing to meet You, O Possessor of Majesty and Generosity!  And the Blessings and Abundant Greetings and Peace of Allah be upon our master and liege-lord, Muhammad, and upon his family and companions.  Amin.”


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