Shaykh Osman Nuri Topbas (q.s.) on 'Aishah (r.a.)

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

Shaykh Osman Nuri Topbas wrote, in “The Prophet Muhammad Musthafa the Elect (s.a.w.)”, on the status of ‘Aishah (r.a.).

‘Aishah (r.a.) was the only maiden whom the Blessed Prophet (s.a.w.) married.  Despite her young age, she was very clever, graced with an acute intellect and a profound understanding.  It was from her that the female companions learned with ease the Islamic principles and regulations, especially those peculiar to women.  Even five to six decades after the passing away of the Noble Messenger (s.a.w.), the remaining companions and the rest of the Muslim community, including the children and the grandchildren of that first generation who never had the privilege of physically being in the presence of the Prophet (s.a.w.), were able to learn Islam directly from her. In hindsight, foreshadowing this was the confirming hadith of the Prophet (s.a.w.): “Learn one third of your religion from the house of ‘Aishah.”  This was recorded by Imam ad-Daylami (r.a.).

‘Aishah (r.a.) is among the seven companions known as the muktsirun, for having transmitted an enormous number of ahadits pertaining to the sayings and actions of the Blessed Prophet (s.a.w.); 2210 to be exact.  194 four among them are narrations agreed upon, muttafaqun ‘alayh, by both Imam al-Bukhari (r.a.) and Imam Muslim (r.a.), the two paramount scholars of ahadits.

‘Aishah (r.a.), the Mother of Believers, was a lady steeped in knowledge, gifted with an insight into the Qur’an with regard to obligations and prohibitions, not to mention her knowledge of medicine, poetry, Arab history and the lineage of Arab families.  Whenever the companions had difficulty in resolving their disagreement over a given issue, they would always come to ‘Aishah (r.a.) for a solution.  This applied to even the more prominent companions of the Prophet (s.a.w.), as confirmed by Abu Musa (r.a.): “Whenever we came across a difficulty in understanding a saying of the Messenger of Allah, we would ask ‘Aishah for help, who would clear any possible misunderstanding.”  This was recorded by Imam at-Tirmidzi (r.a.).

By marrying his daughter and establishing a familial relation, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) also reinforced his already strong friendship with Abu Bakr (r.a.), the closest friend and the most loyal supporter of the Prophet (s.a.w.).


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