The Hanafi Madzhab, School of the Ahl al-Bayt

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

It is safe to say that, in Sunni Islam, the madzhab of the Ahl al-Bayt, or most directly linked to them, is the Hanafi madzhabImam al-A’azham, Imam Abu Hanifah Nu’man ibn Tsabit (r.a.) gained much knowledge from Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (q.s.) as well as his son, Imam Ja’far asw-Swadiq (q.s.).  In Swirath an-Nu’man, it is written that “Abu Hanifah sat for a long time at Imam Muhammad al-Baqir’s feet and acquired from him much valuable knowledge of fiqh and ahadits, not available anywhere else.” 

Even Shi’ah books fully attest to this fact and much more.  Shaykh ibn Muthahhir al-Hilli (r.a.), a famous Shi’ah scholar, wrote in his books, Nahj al-Haqq and Minhaj al-Karamah fi Thariqa’ al-Imamat that Imam Abu Hanifah (r.a.) learned from Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (q.s.) as well as from his son, Imam Ja’far asw-Swadiq (q.s.), attaining high grades in their company.  Shaykh al-Hilli (r.a.) also mentioned the fact that Imam Abu Hanifah (r.a.) was given ijazah to give fatwa and perform ijtihad by at least three members of the Ahl al-Bayt: Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (q.s.); his half-brother, Imam Zayd ibn ‘Ali Shahid (q.s.); and his son, Imam Ja’far asw-Swadiq (q.s.).


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