Wednesday, 14 December 2016
There was No Conflict between the Four Khulafah ar-Rashidin
بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
When the Prophet (s.a.w.) passed away, ‘Ali ibn Abi Thalib (k.w.) was 28 years old, and Abu Bakr asw-Swiddiq (r.a.) was 61. The swahabah were ordered to love ‘Ali (k.w.) three months before the death of the Prophet (s.a.w.), at the declaration of Ghadir Kumm. But they were also ordered to pray behind Abu Bakr (r.a.) just five days before the Prophet (s.a.w.) passed away. They all prayed behind him, including ‘Ali (k.w.), until the Prophet (s.a.w.) passed away. It was on this basis that Abu Bakr (r.a.) was named caliph by shura’.
When Abu Bakr (r.a.), who was from Banu Taym, a lower-ranking tribe, was made the caliph, Abu Sufyan (r.a.) went to ‘Ali (k.w.), who was from Banu Hashim, and said, “The lowest of households of the Quraysh have overcome you in this matter. By Allah, I will raise up an army full of men and horses,” offering to fight for ‘Ali (k.w.)
‘Ali (k.w.) replied, “You remain an enemy of Islam and its people. Indeed, Islam and its followers have not been harmed. We see Abu Bakr as fit for it.” This incident is recorded in al-Istiy’ab by Imam ibn ‘Abd al-Birr (r.a.) and elsewhere.
‘Ali (k.w.) remarried seven days after the death of Fathimah (r.a.). He named two sons ‘Umar, and the others Muhammad, Abu Bakr, and ‘Utsman. Hasan (r.a.) and Husayn (r.a.) also had sons whom they named Abu Bakr and ‘Umar. In fact, Husayn (r.a.) married Abu Bakr’s (r.a.) daughter, Hafswah (r.a.). And Imam Ja’far asw-Swadiq (q.s.) came from this lineage. He was the great-great grandson of ‘Ali (k.w.) and Abu Bakr (r.a.). When Abu Bakr (r.a.) was dying, he desired that ‘Ali (k.w.) should wash him as he had washed the Prophet’s (s.a.w.).
When ‘Utsman’s house was besieged by rebels, ‘Ali (k.w.) sent his sons, Hasan (r.a.) and Husayn (r.a.) to be amongst the guards at the gates. When the faction from Egypt offered him the caliphate, ‘Ali (k.w.) turned them down.
These were the best of the companions of the Prophet (s.a.w.). This idea that there were issues between them is false. This idea that they sought out the caliphate is sacrilege. They were people of akhirah, and had no desire for the trappings of the world. It is only later generations who came and retroactively created a political conflict that did not exist in that time.