Our 'Aqidah is Husn azh-Zhan of Divine Attributes without Frivolous Speculation

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

Imam ibn Qudamah al-Maqdisi (r.a.) wrote, in his Lum’at al-‘Itiqad, pertaining to verses of the Qur’an about Allah’s (s.w.t.) Attributes, that all that has come in the Qur’an or has been soundly narrated on the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) concerning the Attributes of the most Merciful One must be believed in and be received with acceptance and resignation.  It is also better not to engage in its interpretation, its refutation, or assimilating the Attribute to something tangible, and other problematic methodologies.  It is incumbent to establish the Attribute as it came and to leave interpreting its meaning and to resign its meaning to the One Who Spoke of it in accordance with the way of those who are firmly established in the faith whom Allah (s.w.t.) has Praised by Saying:

… and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say, “We believe in it; the whole of it is from our Lord …” (Surah Ali ‘Imran:7)

And He has Castigated those who innovate in interpretation:

… But those in whose hearts is perversity follow the part thereof that is not of well-established meaning.  Seeking discord, and searching for its interpretation, but no one knows its true meanings except Allah ... (Surah Ali ‘Imran:7)


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