The Authority of the Prophet's (s.a.w.) Verdicts

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

Imam Ahmad Ridha al-Qadri (r.a.) commented on is the authority of the verdicts given by the Prophet (s.a.w.).  He said the Prophet (s.a.w.) possessed the power to give a verdict on the external and internal reality of a case, azh-zhahir wa al-bathin, but he often gave a verdict on the outward condition.  This is so because the shari’ah governs the external aspect of our lives.  

As recorded in Sunan al-Bayhaqi, there was once a person was caught stealing and he was brought to the sacred court of the Prophet (s.a.w.).  He said, “Behead him.”

Abu Bakr (r.a.) said, “Ya Rasulullah!  He was caught only for theft.”

The Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “Cut off his hands.”  His right hand was amputated.

After some time, the same person stole again, and his left foot was cut off.  He stole again and his left hand was cut off.  The fourth time he stole again, his right foot was cut off.  On the fifth occasion, he stole something with his mouth.  Abu Bakr (r.a.) then said, “How true was the initial verdict of Prophet (s.a.w.) - behead him!”  The end result is the reality of his superior insight and perception.


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