Wednesday, 21 May 2014

Ahadits on the Awliya'

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

The awliya’, the saints of God, are a special category of believers.  They are mentioned in the Qur’an directly or indirectly.  Pertaining to the exact number of awliya’, the following ahadits provide some indication along with their their rank and status.

On the authority of ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (r.a.), Rasulullah (s.a.w.) said, “Allah Almighty has Created three hundred people, whose hearts are like that of Adam, and He Created forty people whose hearts are like Moses.  He also Created seven people whose hearts are like that of Abraham, and he Created five people with a heart like that of Gabriel, and three people with a heart like that of Mika’il and only one person with a heart like that of Rafa’il.  When such a person dies, Allah Almighty will Replace him with one of the three.  When one of such three dies, Allah Almighty will Replace him with one of the five.  When one of the seven dies, Allah Almighty will Replace him with one of the forty, and when one of the forty dies, He will Replace him with one of the three hundred and when one of the three hundred elite dies, Allah Almighty will Replace him with someone He Chooses from among the pious masses.  Such a person will live among the people, and through his prayers, by Allah Almighty’s Permission, life and death, rain and prosperity will come and calamity will be averted.”  Imam Abu Nu’aym al-Asbahani (r.a.) recorded this hadits in his Hilyat al-Awliya’.

Imam al-Asbahani (r.a.) also recorded this hadits in Hilyat al-Awliya’.  On the authority of ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (r.a.), Rasulullah (s.a.w.) said, “Forty men from amongst my ummah are such whose hearts are like that of Sayyidina Ibrahim’s heart.  By virtue of them, Allah Almighty Protects His Creation from calamities; it is they who are known as Abdal.”  The rest of the hadits is the same as mentioned above to the end.

Imam ath-Thabarani (r.a.) recorded the following hadits in his al-Aswath which is similar to Imam al-Asbahani’s (r.a.) ahadits above.  On the authority of Anas ibn Malik (r.a.), Rasulullah (s.a.w.) said, “The earth shall never be without forty men, whose hearts shall be upon Sayyidina Ibrahim (a.s.).  By virtue of them, the earth is in existence and by virtue of them, He Provides rain to you.  From among them, none dies but Allah Almighty Replaces him with another.”

Imam al-Asbahani (r.a.) recorded this hadits in Hilyat al-Awliya’ as well.  On the authority of ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr (r.a.), Rasulullah (s.a.w.) said, “The Akhyar amongst my ummah in every century are five hundred, and the Abdal are forty and their number does not increase.  Neither the five hundred nor forty diminish in number.  When one among the forty Abdal dies, Allah Almighty Replaces him with one of the five hundred.”

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (r.a.) recorded this hadits in his Musnad and Imam Waliddin al-Khathib at-Tabrizi (r.a.) in his Mishkat al-Maswabih.  Both are major compilations of ahadits.  The text as from Musnad Ahmad reads on the authority of Shurayh ibn ‘Ubayd (r.a.) that when the people of Sham were mentioned in Ali’s presence, someone said, “O Prince of the Believers, curse them!”

‘Ali (k.w.) replied, “No!  I heard Allah Almighty’s Messenger saying, ‘Abdal will be in Syria.  They are forty men; whenever one dies, Allah Almighty Replaces him with another man.  By virtue of them, He Provides rain and by virtue of them, He Provides Help against the enemies.  By virtue of them, punishment is averted from Sham.”


No comments:

Post a Comment

Thank you for taking the time to share our thoughts. Once approved, your comments will be posted.