Naqshbandi Practices for Muharram

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

Adapted from Futuhat al-Haqqaniyyah by Shaykh ‘Adnan Qabbani, the following are the basis for the amal and ‘ibadah of Muharram as done by those who seek closeness with Allah (s.w.t.) and His Prophet (s.a.w.).  The amal mentioned are the practices of the shuyukh of the Naqshbandi Haqqani thariqa’.  These practices are best done in addition to the daily awrad and the other sunnah.  In no way must the aspirant neglect that which is fardh.

On the eve of ‘Ashura, the sunnah nafl is to offer four raka’at: In every rak’ah, after Surah al-Fatihah, recite Ayat al-Kursi once and Surah al-Ikhlasw three times.  After completing this swalah, recite Surah al-Ikhlasw a hundred times.  It is said, Allah (s.w.t.) will Purify such a person from all their sins and Grant them endless bounties and blessings in paradise.

The sunnah swalah of ‘Ashura is four raka’at.  After Surah al-Fatihah in each rak'ah, recite Surah al-Ikhlasw eleven times.  The intention is the sunnah Yawm al-‘Ashura in commemoration of ‘Ashura and is normally done at the time of dhuha’.  It is said that whomever does so, Allah (s.w.t.) Forgives his sins of fifty years, and Builds for him a pulpit from light.

The following du’a may be recited at any time but it is best after ‘aswr.  The du’a of ‘Ashura is as follows.  Recite seventy times:

Hasbuna Allahu wa ni'ma al-Wakiil, ni'ma al-Mawlaa wa ni'ma an-Naswir

Sufficient is Allah for me as my Representative, as my Lord, as my Helper.

Recite seven times:

Hasbuna Allahu bi al-miizaan wa muntahaa al-'ilma wa mablagh ar-ridhaa wa zinaa al-'arsh, laa maljaa wa laa manjaa min Allah illa ilayhi.  Subhaan Allah 'adada shafi`i wa al-'arshi wa 'adada kalimaati Rabbinaa at-taammati kullihaa.  As’aluka as-Salaamata bi Rahmatika, Yaa Arham ar-Raahimiin, wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa bi Allahi al-'Aliyy al-'Azhiim.  Wa Huwa hasbii wa ni'ma al-wakiil, ni'ma al-Mawlaa wa ni'ma an-Naswir.  Wa Swallaa Allah 'alaa Sayyidinaa Muhammadin wa 'alaa alihi wa swahbihi ajma'in.

Sufficient is Allah for us by the Scales, and by the reaches of knowledge and by the heights of pleasure and by the One Who Fills the Throne.  There is no shelter and no salvation from Him except by Him.  Glory be to Allah equivalent to His Intercession and His Throne, and by His Perfected Words.  I seek refuge by Your Mercy, O Most Merciful of the Merciful, and there is no power and no strength except by Allah, the Most High, the Greatest.  And He Suffices for me, and the Best of Caretakers, the Best of Masters and the Best of Helpers, and praises and salutations be upon Muhammad and all his family and companions.

About an hour before the adzan for maghrib towards ‘Ashura, sit facing the qiblah and finish the daily adab of thariqa’.  And then make tawaswswul with Sayyidina al-Husayn (r.a.) and the martyrs of Karbala.  After breaking fast, dedicate the blessings and rewards of the fast and daily awrad upon the Prophet (s.a.w.) for the Oceans of Secrets that lie open on the 14th of Muharram.

Muharram is also a month of great importance to Naqshbandi.  The imam of the thariqa’, Shah Baha’ ad-Din an-Naqshband (q.s.) was born on the 14th of this month.  It is thus important and most desired that the Ahl ath-Thariqa’ congregate on the eve of this day for khatm and dzikr, and read the Mawlid an-Nabi (s.a.w.) in dedication to Shah Baha’ ad-Din an-Naqshband (q.s.), and also read excerpts from his life.

It is a tradition and practice of Shaykh 'Abdullah ad-Daghistani (q.s.) to make qurban of two sheep on the day of ‘Ashura and distribute the meat to the poor and needy of the members of the thariqa’.  He also did this on the birthday of Shah Baha’ad-Din an-Naqshband (q.s.).

Another practise of the Naqshbandi is to recite Surah al-Ikhlasw a thousand times on the 9th and 10th of Muharram.  This is to seek Allah’s (s.w.t.) Pleasure for the year.


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