Sunday, 6 May 2012

The Titles of Maryam (a.s.) in the Qur’an

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

The following are the titles Given to Maryam (a.s.) in the Qur’an.  According to hadits, Maryam (a.s.) is one of the foremost of the women of Paradise.  The Catholics are not the only ones to honour her.

Qanitah

The Arabic term implies the meaning, not only of constant submission to Allah (s.w.t.), but also absorption in prayer and invocation, meanings that coincides with the image of Maryam (a.s.) spending her childhood in the mihrab.  In this way, Maryam (a.s.) personifies prayer and contemplation in Islam.


And Mary the daughter of `Imran, who guarded her chastity; and We Breathed into her (body) of Our spirit; and she testified to the truth of the words of her Lord and of His Revelations, and was one of the devout (Servants). (Surah at-Tahrim:12)

Swiddiqah

Maryam (a.s.) is called ‘Swiddiqah’ twice in the Quran.  It means ‘someone who testifies to the truth’ or ‘a person of truth’.  The term has also been translated as ‘She who believes sincerely and totally.’


Christ, the son of Mary was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him.  His mother was a woman of truth.  They had both to eat their (daily) food.  See how Allah doth Makes His Signs clear to them; yet see in what ways they are deluded away from the truth! (Surah al-Ma’idah:75)

  
And Mary the daughter of `Imran, who guarded her chastity; and We Breathed into her (body) of Our spirit; and she testified to the truth of the words of her Lord and of His Revelations, and was one of the devout (Servants). (Surah at-Tahrim:12)

Sajidah

It means ‘She who prostrates’.  The sujud that Muslims do in swalah is the sujud that Maryam (a.s.) did - hands, knees and the forehead touching the ground together.


"O Mary!  Worship thy Lord devoutly; prostrate thyself, and bow down (in prayer) with those who bow down." (Surah Ali ‘Imran:43)

Raki’ah

Translated as ‘She who bows down in worship’.  According to the Muslim view, the command was repeated by angels only to Maryam (a.s.). The ruku' in swalah has been derived from Maryam’s (a.s.) practice.


"O Mary!  Worship thy Lord devoutly; prostrate thyself, and bow down (in prayer) with those who bow down." (Surah Ali ‘Imran:43)

Thahirah

She is pure or purified.  According to a hadits recorded by Imam an-Nisa’i (r.a.), Iblis could not touch Maryam (a.s.) when she was born, therefore she did not cry.


Behold!  The angels said: "O Mary!  Allah hath Chosen thee and Purified thee; - Chosen thee Above the women of all nations. (Surah Ali ‘Imran:42)

Musthafia

It means ‘She who was Chosen’.  According to the interpretations, the first election is intrinsic.  Allah (s.w.t.) Chose the virgin in herself and for herself, and the second time He Chose her in regard to the world and for a Divine Plan.


Behold!  The angels said: "O Mary!  Allah hath Chosen thee and Purified thee; - Chosen thee Above the women of all nations. (Surah Ali ‘Imran:42)

Swa’imah

It means ‘She who fasts.’  Maryam (a.s.) is reported to fast one half of a year in Muslim tradition.



"So eat and drink and cool (thine) eye.  And if thou dost see any man, say `I have vowed a fast to (Allah) Most Gracious, and this day will I enter into no talk with any human being.'" (Surah Maryam:26)

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