The Excellence of Weeping for the Sake of Allah (s.w.t.)

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

The following is adapted from Imam an-Nawawi’s (r.a.) Riyadh asw-Swalihin from the chapter on the excellence of weeping for the sake of Allah (s.w.t.).

Allah (s.w.t.) Says:

They fall down on their faces in tears, and it increases their (earnest) humility. (Surah al-Isra’:109)

Do ye then wonder at this recital?  And will ye laugh and not weep - (Surah an-Najm:59-60)

ibn Mas’ud (r.a.) said, “The Prophet, (s.a.w.), said to me, ‘Recite the Qur’an to me.’

I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, shall I recite to you when it was Sent down to you?’

He said, ‘I want to hear it from someone other than myself.’

So I recited Surah an-Nisa’ to him until I reached this ayat, ‘How will it be when We bring a witness from every nation and bring you as a witness against them?’

He said, ‘That is enough now,’ and I turned to him and his eyes were flowing with tears.”

How then if We Brought from each people a witness, and We Brought thee as a witness against these people! (Surah an-Nisa’:41)

‘Anas (r.a.) said, “Rasulullah (s.a.w.) addressed us with a speech the like I have never heard.  He said, ‘If you were to know what I know, you would laugh little and weep much.’  The ashab of Rasulullah (s.a.w.) covered their faces and sobbed.”

As recorded by Imam at-Tirmirdzi (r.a.), Abu Hurayrah (r.a.) reported that Rasulullah (s.a.w.) said, “No man, who wept out of fear of Allah, will enter the Fire until the milk returns to the breast.  Dust raised in the way of Allah and the smoke of Jahannam will never be joined together.”

Abu Hurayrah (r.a.) reported that Rasulullah (s.a.w.) said, “There are seven whom Allah will Shade with His Shade on the day when there is no shade but His Shade: a just imam; a youth who grows up worshipping Allah (s.w.t.); a man whose heart is attached to the mosque, two men who love each other for the sake of Allah, meeting and parting for that reason alone; a man who refuses the advances of a noble and beautiful woman, saying, ‘I fear Allah’; a man who gives swadaqah and conceals it so that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives; and a man who remembers Allah when he is alone and his eyes overflow with tears.”

As recorded by Imam Abu Dawud (r.a.) and Imam at-Tirmidzi (r.a.), ‘Abdullah ibn ash-Shikhkhir (r.a.) said, “I came to Rasulullah (s.a.w.) while he was praying and his chest was heaving like a cauldron from weeping.”

‘Anas (r.a.) reported that Rasulullah (s.a.w.) said to Ubayy ibn Ka’b (r.a.), “Allah (s.w.t.) has Commanded me to recite to you, ‘Those who reject…’” meaning Surah al-Bayyinah.

He asked, “He Mentioned me by name?”

He replied, “Yes,” and Ubayy (r.a.) wept.  In one variant, “and Ubayy began to weep.”

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Those who reject (Truth), among the People of the Book and among the Polytheists, were not going to depart (from their ways) until there should come to them Clear Evidence - A messenger from Allah, rehearsing scriptures kept pure and holy: Wherein are laws (or decrees) right and straight.  Nor did the people of the Book make schisms, until after there came to them Clear Evidence.  And they have been Commanded no more than this: to worship Allah, offering Him sincere devotion, being True (in faith); to establish regular Prayer; and to practise regular Charity; and that is the Religion Right and Straight.  Those who reject (Truth), among the People of the Book and among the Polytheists, will be in Hell-fire, to dwell therein (for aye).  They are the worst of creatures.  Those who have faith and do righteous deeds - they are the best of creatures.  Their reward is with Allah: Gardens of Eternity beneath which rivers flow; they will dwell therein for ever; Allah Well Pleased with them, and they with Him: all this for such as fear their Lord and Cherisher. (Surah al-Bayyinah:1-8)

As recorded in Swahih Muslim ‘Anas (r.a.) said, “Abu Bakr said to ‘Umar after the death of Rasulullah (s.a.w.), ‘Let us go to Umm Ayman and visit her as Rasulullah (s.a.w.) used to visit her.’  When they reached her, she wept and they said to her, ‘What has made you weep?  Do you not know that what is with Allah (s.w.t.) is better for Rasulullah?’

She said, ‘I am not weeping because I do not know that what is with Allah is better for Rasulullah, but I am weeping because the Revelation from heaven has been cut off.’  She moved them to tears and they began to weep with her.”

ibn ‘Umar (r.a.) said, “When Rasulullah (s.a.w.) was very ill, he was asked about the prayer and said, ‘Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.’

‘Aishah said, ‘Abu Bakr is a tender-hearted man.  When he recites the Qur’an, he is overcome by weeping.’

He said, ‘Tell him to lead the prayer.’”

In a variant from ‘Aishah (r.a.), she said, “I said. ‘If Abu Bakr stands in your place, the people will not be able to hear him on account of his weeping.’”

As recorded in Swahih al-Bukhari, Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd ur-Rahman ibn ‘Awf (r.a.) reported that ‘Abdu ur-Rahman ibn ‘Awf (r.a.) was brought some food while he was fasting and he said, “Musw’ab ibn ‘Umayr was killed and he was a better man than I.  He was shrouded in a cloak.  If his head was covered, his feet showed, and if his feet were covered, his head showed.  Worldly goods have been opened up to us,” - or he said, “We have been given what we have been given of this world,” - “and we fear that our good deeds have been given to us in advance.”  Then he started to weep to such an extent that he neglected his food.

As recorded by Imam at-Tirmidzi (r.a.), Abu Umama Sudayy ibn ‘Ajlan al-Bahili (r.a.) reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said to him, said, “There is nothing which Allah (s.w.t.) Loves more than two drops and two steps: a drop of tears shed out of fear of Allah and a drop of blood shed in the way of Allah.  And the two steps are a step in the way of Allah (s.w.t.) and a step towards one of the obligations of Allah (s.w.t.).”

There is the hadits of al-’Irbad ibn Sariyah (r.a.): “The Rasulullah (s.a.w.) gave us a profound exhortation which made our hearts afraid and our eyes weep.”


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